ETHC445 Quiz Week 3

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ETHC445 Quiz Week 3
Inferring a claim based on data is deductive logic, but what happens when the inference circumvents logical reasoning…

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ETHC445 Quiz Week 3

ETHC445 Quiz Week 3

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Question 1.1. Inferring a claim based on data is deductive logic, but what happens when the inference circumvents logical reasoning? (Points : 4)

No one will understand you.

A fallacy has been committed.

One has proven to be a good logician.

One ought to use inductive reasoning.

The syllogism is sound.
Question 1. 1. Inductive reasoning falls into fallacy when which of the following happens? (Points : 4)
One tries to deduce a conclusion from false premises
Data cannot support the claims made for the logical reasoning
One has a large enough sample set of data on which to base inductions
One tries to work out syllogisms
Hasty generalizations are made

Question 2.2. A car salesman says this, in order to get you to buy a new car from him:

“Buddy! You gotta buy this car. You’ve seen how you either need to drive one of these or take the bus!”  This type of faulty logic is an example of _____.  (Points : 4)

circumlocution

the ad hominem argument

hasty generalization fallacy

the straw man fallacy

appeal to emotions

Question 2. 2. A car salesman says this, in order to get you to buy a new car from him:
\”Buddy! You gotta buy this car. You\’ve seen the commercials where Governor Ahnold is driving this car, haven\’t you? You want to be like him, right?\”
This type of faulty logic is an example of _____.  (Points : 4)
appeal to authority
false dilemma
false analogy
hasty generalization
free wheeling

Question 3.3. Are you for or against the war on terrorism? What fallacy is operating here? (Points : 4)

Appeal to fear

Straw man

Circumlocution

Appeal to false authority

False dilemma

Question 3. 3. When you see a stranger coming toward you on the sidewalk, do you greet the person or not bother them?  The previous example is an instance of which of the following choices?
(Points : 4)
Red herring
False dilemma
Isolated case
Untrue premise
Contradiction

Question 4.4. All those old people are cheap. They never give me a fair tip when I park their cars in the valet parking lot. What kind of fallacy is operating here? (Points : 4)

Straw man

Appeal to fear

Hasty generalization

Questionable statistics

Slippery slope

Question 4. 4. All used car salesmen are crooks. One of them sold me a lemon.  Beware. Be cautious.  What kind of fallacy is operating here? (Points : 4)
Appeal to authority
Circumlocution
Special pleading
Ad hominem reasoning
Hasty generalization

Question 5.5.  If a ban on issuing drivers licenses to illegal aliens is a violation of civil rights,

then a ban on issuing drivers licenses to blind people is also a violation of civil rights.

What kind of fallacy is operating here?  (Points : 4)

Red herring

Appeal to authority

False analogy

Ad hominem

Special pleading

Question 5. 5. Measuring our country\’s health by measuring the consumption of petroleum
is like measuring a person\’s health my how much medical care he or she buys. What kind of fallacy is operating here? (Points : 4)
Questionable statistics
Hasty generalization
Invalid in form
Confusing assumptions with facts
False analogy