HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities


HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities 
Create an outline and proposal for the research you will conduct. Please see…


HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

A+ Course Project Week 2, 4, 7| Discussions Week 1-7| Final Exam

Course Project Week 2, 4, 7

Significance of the Dark Ages and Its Role in Today’s Modern Sense of Ethics”

This course will take you through huge chunks of human history from the Paleolithic era through the Vietnam War and into our postmodern world. In Week 7, you will be asked to deliver a five- to seven-page research paper on any subject within the humanities of your choosing, providing you have cleared it with your professor. Your research paper will require a minimum of three sources and a maximum of five sources. You must document your research scrupulously—both in text and in a reference page as specified by the APA style sheet. Scrupulous documentation plus high originality, analysis, insight, and fresh applications of ideas are highly prized.

Here are some sample assignments, which you may elect to use or not use.

  1. Compare the culture that produced the Venus de Willendorf with the culture that produces the Barbie doll. What common themes do you see in the Paleolithic culture that we share or have rejected in modern culture? Consider whether we worship Barbie, and if so, how? Consider society’s view of women in the Barbie era compared to that which the artifactual record suggests was the view of Paleolithic women.
  2. Regard Plato’s view of the ideal from his Allegory of the Cave and compare it to Aristotle’s essay, Rhetoric. Plato believed that artistic language was downright evil, because it could persuade weak-minded people to enact unethical behaviors. He believed, for example, that the bed the artist made was closer to the ideal in that even though it was a shadow of the ideal, it at least had function. However, the bed that the artist made was furthest from the ideal and was a shadow of a shadow and lacking even functional utility. Aristotle, on the other hand, believed that the only way to get to the ideal was through the abstractions of language and that the artist’s bed captured the essence of bed far better than the carpenter’s bed; that is, to live in a reasoned and logos-centric attitude of thought was to be closest to the ideal.
  3. What does the term the Dark Ages mean? In what ways were the Dark Ages dark? In what ways was this society inadvertently preparing to emerge in modernity through the preservation of classical literature and scripture? What particular impact did Ireland have in the world that would emerge from the Dark Ages? Consider the literature produced in early Old English, a Germanic language with a Celtic imagination, expressed in Arthurian legend. What do these breathtaking legends of knights and honor have to do with our modern sense of ethics? What is the chivalric code?
  4. The early modern (what used to be called the Renaissance) period followed the Middle Ages (which followed the presumably Dark Ages) and is a time––indeed, a very long time––in which there was a rebirth (the literal meaning of the word Renaissance) of classical culture. In this rebirth, classical literature and scripture flourished. And those who will have studied the Dark Ages may recognize that it was those secluded Irish monks who copiously hand copied and illuminated scripture and classical literature that they then reintroduced via Scotland and England into the rest of Europe (effectively jump-starting the university system). And thus a Renaissance began in the temperate climate of Italy and mushroomed northward and culminated (for the study of Western civilization’s purposes) in Renaissance England. Renaissance England produced one of the greatest authors in the history of the Western world—Shakespeare. Although many of us find his language to be distant, his take on relationships, the appropriateness of sovereignty, and such issues as murder and revenge and law and justice are viewed in modern terms. Examine Hamlet as a revenge tragedy. In what ways did Shakespeare set Hamlet up for conflict, that is, to avenge his dead father’s honor against the unspeakable crime of fratricide, while commenting on the barbarity of revenge?
  5. Find a modern revenge drama and detail the ways in which the drama you chose and Hamlet inform each other. In other words, looking at literature is not a one-way street, as if the past only has impact on the present. Quite the contrary, the past and present are in dialogue with each other. Look at how modern revenge motifs help us to understand some of Hamlet’s moral misgivings and the complexities of his choices. For the truly ambitious, you might connect both Hamlet and a modern revenge drama to archetypal literature, such as the descent into hell and the return seen in literature of antiquity.
  6. Consider the psychological and physical traumas faced by women who had no control over their reproductive organs. In what way is Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein a psychological representation of her fear of childbirth?
  7. Read T. S. Eliot’s great modernist poem “The Waste Land” and his essay Tradition and the Individual Talent. To what extent do you think Eliot is successful in demonstrating poetry that emerges not from emotional states but from rather cunning and completely self-aware states that emphasize not the catharsis of the poet’s emotions but are geared to producing catharsis in the audience?
  8. Throughout American history, music becomes critically important. Look at the music that led up to civil rights. You may wish to select specific musical pieces, such as Billie Holiday’s “Strange Fruit”––a song written by a New York Jewish man who gave the song to Holiday. You also might consider Irving Berlin’s “Suppertime,” which was made famous on Broadway by Ethel Waters. Both songs explore the practice of lynching African American men. These collaborations, particularly between Jewish intellectuals and early African American social activists, are critically important and grow in intensity, leading to the freedom singers of the late 1950s and 1960s. These include Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, and many more who joined hands with Martin Luther King, Mahalia Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Odetta, and many others. Civil rights could never have occurred without interracial collaborations. Even Harry Truman, a Missouri-raised man of his historical context, was able to rise above his social and political encoding and began the civil rights movement in America through the legislation he introduced.
  9. Consider the impact of the Vietnam War on American culture. In the decades prior to the 1980s, two issues beset American culture: civil rights and the Vietnam War. Both were televised directly into living rooms on all three channels. On college campuses throughout the world, but especially on American campuses, antiwar protests were routine. Hippies often were thought to conduct themselves on the premises of antiwar, free sex, and lots of drugs. The music that emerged from this era is still famously current and listened to today. It was an era of convertibles, gas guzzlers, freedom, and endless summers. Then that generation grew into adults––your parents and grandparents. Writing with sensitivity to the nuances of the era, what happened to the dream?

Whether you elect to compose on one of the suggestions outlined here, on some modification of a question, or on some independently arrived at idea (in concert with your professor), you will need to plan for the following milestones.

Outline and Proposal (100 points)

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

Following the annotations, you will be ready to plan your paper. An outline (one and one half pages) and a proposal (two to three pages) of your intended project are due. Quality proposals and outlines will not merely describe or find information but will have a strong and original point of view. The highest points are conferred for originality, the locating and detailing of controversies, and for nuanced papers that sensitively explore topics with deft subtlety. This is due Week 2.

Annotations (150 points)

A good annotated bibliography provides the publication details, describes the key points of the source, uncovers controversies introduced by the source, and evaluates the merits of the source. Each of your three (minimal) to five (maximal) annotations should be approximately 200–250 words. This is due Week 4.

Final Paper (200 points) This is due Week 7.

Outline and Proposal Week 2

Create an outline and proposal for the research you will conduct. Please see the Course Project section under Course Home for details on this assignment.


The term Dark Ages was initially introduced by Francesco Petrarca, an Italian scholar, as a reference to the low quality literature and scriptures during the time, including the period’s lack of culture and advancement in medieval Europe. There is a misconception that the Dark Ages…

Annotated Bibliography Week 4

Course Project: Annotated Bibliography

A good annotated bibliography provides the publication details, describes the key points of the source, uncovers controversies introduced by the source, and evaluates the merits of the source.

Each of your three (minimum) to five (maximum) annotations should be approximately 200–250 words.

Create an introduction by reshaping your proposal based on your professor’s feedback. Be sure to include a strong thesis and then annotate each source you intend to use. This is due in Week 4.

Preview: Total of 5 Annotations

Esolen, A. (2013). Where the Middle Ages dark. Catholic Education Resource Center. Retrieved

This article attempts to provide a picture of the Middle Ages, or the Dark Ages, as it dispels misconceptions about the period.  It offers sensible…

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

The Dark Ages Course Project Week 7

Guidelines for the Final Paper: The essay must be five to seven double-spaced pages in length (not including the title or reference pages). Include a minimum of three and a maximum of five scholarly sources. The margins should be no more than one in. (right and left). The essay should be composed in 12-point Times New Roman or Arial font. All of the sources must be documented and cited using APA format.


The Dark Ages pertains to the historical period that describes the cultural and economic decline that took place in Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire.  It emphasized the unavailability of literature and historical information about the era as compared with later periods where literature, cultural achievements, and architectural…

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

Discussions Week 1-7

All Students Posts 496 Pages

The Value of the Humanities & Ancient Works of Art Discussions Week 1 All Students Posts 73 Pages

The Value of the Humanities – 33 Pages

What is the value of studying the humanities in a business or technical curriculum? How might a topic such as ancient art enhance contemporary life? Think about what a business or technical curriculum typically consists of, and describe how studying the humanities could also fit into this curriculum….

Ancient Works of Art – 40 Pages

Choose a work of art from the reading in Chapter 1. Discuss how the work is a reflection of the ancient culture that created it. Also, did anything particularly surprise or impress you about the work of art or the ancient people who created it?  After having flipped through Chapter 1, choose a work of art and tell us a little about how this particular piece is symbolic, or representative of the culture that created that work of art….

Greek and Roman Architectural Influence & Greek and Roman Advancements Discussions Week 2 All Students Posts 66 Pages

Greek and Roman Architectural Influence – Posts 36 Pages

The architecture of the Greeks and Romans has influenced people for centuries. When the founding fathers of America began to design Washington, DC, how were they influenced by the Greeks and Romans? How were the founding fathers of this country influenced by the Greeks and Romans?…

Greek and Roman Advancements – 30 Pages

Ancient peoples were often much more advanced than modern people understand. Choose one example of a Greek or Roman advancement that improved their societies. How did this advancement affect the culture of the Greeks or Romans? Has this advancement evolved and is it in use, in some capacity, in the modern world? Give us an example of a Greek or Roman advancement that improved the quality of their life or made their society more efficient and explain it….

Theater & Allegory and Art Discussions Week 3 All Students Posts 69 Pages

Theater – 37 Pages

This week, we took a brief look at Shakespeare’s The Tempest (see the Assignments section). This five-act play opens with a storm at sea (a tempest) and throughout, Shakespeare has planted allusions to apparitions and magic, such as the character Ariel who, at times, appears to be invisible to the other characters. It is a given that the special effects, such as those often used in films, to actually give the stage the appearance of a deadly tempest or actually make Ariel an invisible presence are not achievable on the stage. To fill in this gap, audiences suspend disbelief.

In this thread, let’s discuss the power and limitations of theatrical imagination. Please feel free to draw from productions you have seen. (The old high schoolproductions count, too!) Why are we willing to suspend disbelief when we see a play, yet we demand so much more from a film production? Do you think that the limitation on special effects and alternative demand on the audience member to suspend disbelief is a weakness or a strength of the theatrical experience? Would you rather see The Tempest on stage or in film? Why?…

Allegory and Art – 32 Pages

This week, we are exploring the items below….

This week, we have looked at several works of art that utilized allegorical themes. One of the most common uses of imagery in the medieval and Renaissance periods is allegory. What is an allegory? Describe how at least one of the examples of art in this week’s lecture or one of this week’s readings is allegorical in nature. Why, in your opinion, was allegory so prevalent during these periods? Is it still important in contemporary literature? Why or why not? What kinds of lessons can we learn from allegories?….

Rubens & Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution Discussions Week 4 All Students Posts 68 Pages

Rubens – 37 Pages

Line, color, hue, balance, form and perspective were some of the key concepts covered in this week’s tutorial.  Use the example of a painting by Peter Paul Rubens and discuss how one or more of this week’s key concepts are featured in the painting. Identify the painting by title, and include citations for any material you’ve researched. After looking at Rubens’ work that is presented in the textbook, as well as the author’s explanation and analysis, would you agree that his work pleases most people with regards to line, color, hue, form, and perspective?  Why or why not?…

Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution – 31 Pages

Given the information from this week’s reading on the Enlightenment, the New Rationalism, and the Scientific Revolution, how did advancements in science and reasoning change the lives of people at this time? In addition, what effects did the Industrial Revolution have on the world?…

Photography and Art & Realism and Impressionism Discussions 1 Week 5 All Students Posts 82 Pages

Photography and Art – 43 Pages

In the 19th century, the camera was a revolutionary invention. Did the invention of the camera change the arts? Why or why not? Is there a relationship between movements such as realism and impressionism and the camera? Photography, in itself, is an art form that takes practice, patience, and skill. What do you think? How would a photograph affect a painter?…

Realism and Impressionism – 39 Pages

For this week’s discussion, choose realism or impressionism as a basis for your posts and discuss how your choice is manifested in any area of the humanities (i.e., painting, sculpture, literature, music, etc.), and give an example from any discipline in the humanities to illustrate how realism or impressionism influenced the work of art. Please be sure to give an analysis of how the work of art was influenced by the movement. What made you choose one over the other, Realism or Impressionism?…

Art and Politics & Feminism and Literature Discussions Week 6 All Students Posts 65 Pages

Art and Politics – 36 Pages

This week, we looked at several examples of early modernist art such as Cubism, Fauvism, futurism, and expressionism. Let’s discuss the relationships between these aesthetic categories and the sociopolitical climate of the period.  How did the sociopolitical climate of the time period, including the two world wars, influence artists?  How did World War I and World War II affect art? How were the artists themselves affected?…

Feminism and Literature – 29 Pages

Let’s connect the themes of the three readings and the lecture for this week to talk about how the ways feminist literature has influenced contemporary thinking?
In your first post, share what you see the main themes or issues that were important the writer of at least one of the following feminist works:

The Outside by Susan Glaspell (audio available in the lecture)

A Society by Virginia Woolf

The Solitude of Self by Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Be sure to reference the specific elements of at least one of the readings or audio in your response.  We’ll follow up as a class to connect these historical issues to present-day discussions of women and society…

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

Controversial Art and Censorship & Pop Art Discussions Week 7 All Students Posts 73 Pages

Controversial Art and Censorship – 37 Pages

Although controversial art is not a topic exclusive to the 20th century, the distribution of information regarding controversial art has increased with the proliferation of media. Please discuss an example of a 20th century controversial work of art from any discipline of the humanities (music, literature, sculpture, film, etc.) and an accompanying statement from the artist(s). Based on your example, to what extent does controversial art make a social contribution? Are governments ever justified in censoring art?…

Pop Art – 36 Pages

What were some of the influences of the pop art phenomenon? Should we consider the creative elements of popular culture, which are very often mass produced works of art?  What is Pop Art? Why is it important or relevant?…

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

Final Exam

(TCO 1) Which of the following is the legendary Minoan queen who gave birth to the Minotaur? (Points : 5)





(TCO 2) Whose writings did Augustus NOT view favorably, resulting in this writer’s permanent banishment from Rome? (Points : 5)





(TCO 5) Which of the following is NOT among the strict, though unwritten, code of conduct that guided a knight? (Points : 5)

Courage in battle

Loyalty to his lord and peers

Generosity to the poor

Courtesy verging on reverence toward women

(TCO 8) The author notes that Brunelleschi’s investigation of optics in Arab science (particularly Alhazen’s Perspectiva) contributed to his understanding of linear perspective. Which of the following is NOT among those whose classical works were integrated into Alhazen’s Perspectiva? (Points : 5)





(TCO 2) Who created Jupiter and Io as part of the set of paintings commissioned by Federico Gonzaga of Mantua? (Points : 5)

Giovanni Bologna

Giorgio Vasari



(TCO 2) Who painted The Upper Falls of the Reichenbach? (Points : 5)

M. W. Turner

Caspar David Friedrich

Antoine Jen Gros

John Constable

(TCO 5) Which of the following includes these lines: “‘Beauty is truth, truth beauty,’ – that is all / Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know”? (Points : 5)

“Ode to a Nightingale”

“The Rainbow”

“Ode on a Grecian Urn”

“Rime of the Ancient Mariner”

(TCO 2) Who wrote Les Fleurs du mal, whose publication brought criminal charges and a fine? (Points : 5)

Gustave Flaubert

Sholem Aleichem

Charles Baudelaire

Jeanne Duval

(TCO 2) Who is the author of the Surrealist Manifesto? (Points : 5)

Ezra Pound

Max Ernst

Salvador Dalí

André Breton

Joan Miró

(TCO 5) During the 1960s, which of the following U.S. cities was considered the center of the civil rights movement? (Points : 5)

Berkeley, California

Birmingham, Alabama

Chicago, Illinois

New York City, New York

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities

(TCO 5) Discuss Paul Cézanne’s influence on Georges Braque, who in turn, influenced Pablo Picasso. Also, discuss one painting by Braque that you feel was influenced by Cézanne and one painting by Picasso that you feel was influenced by Braque. (Points : 50)

Paul Cezanne was one of the only Post-Impressionist…

(TCOs 3 and 4) Define tenebrism and discuss the purpose of its use. Discuss the presence of tenebrism in Caravaggio’s art, citing at least two specific works.
(Points : 50)

Tenebrism is derived from the Latin word meaning “darkness”. Tenebrism is a…

(TCO 7) Discuss England’s Glorious Revolution. What events led to the revolution? What were the consequences of the revolution?
(Points : 50)

In September of 1688, William of Orange married…

HUMN 303 Introduction Humanities