LAS432 Course Discussions Week 5

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LAS432 Course Discussions Week 5
This week, we will explore the concept of ethical thought. As your lecture points out, there are many different ethical…

 

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LAS432 Course Discussions Week 5

LAS432 Course Discussions Week 5

All Students Posts – 72 Pages

Technology Morality and Ethics – 36 Pages 

This week, we will explore the concept of ethical thought. As your lecture points out, there are many different ethical arguments, but two large groups of thought are deontological (largely associated with the work of Immanuel Kant) and telelogical ethics (largely associated with John Stuart Mill). The first believes that we should judge our ethics based on the idea of universal understandings.

For example, it is logical that all persons do not wish to be harmed, so ethically we can establish a principle based on this. So, under this line of thought, if it is ethically wrong to harm a person, then the death penalty must be ethically wrong, because it violates this principle. If you follow this ethical approach, all ethical questions must be evaluated in accordance to these universal principles. In contrast, telelogical ethics, which utilizes utilitarian thought, looks to the outcome of the action and weighs if it is good based on its impact on the majority.

For example, in considering the idea of the death penalty again, one must weigh whether utilizing the death penalty benefits the majority of the population. If the majority is helped, then the action is viewed as ethically sound; if the majority is hurt, it is not. In understanding these thoughts and approaches, what do you think about cloning? Is there a universal thought it may violate? Or can it be considered as good for a majority? What are your thoughts, and what are the different questions that can be raised behind them?  Cloning technology has raised many ethical questions and debates – at the same time, therapeutic cloning is being used at some University-based hospitals in our nation – why is this?

Very interesting concept map, especially the yellow triangle in the bottom left corner.  I also noticed that the concept map was written in a positive manner, what about all the negative virtues we have, there are two sides to ethics, we have to choose to live by one or the other.  Look at honesty, sure that is ethically correct to me, but what if someone chooses to be untrustworthy for a reason they see ethically different.  Ethics are derived from our beliefs and morals, which we gain throughout life.  They are culture, sub-culture and individual based.  What I mean is what you might think as ethically right at work, you might think as ethically wrong at home, or with a different group of friends.  America’s ethics are different than other countries.  Catholic ethics are different from Islamic.  Basically, there is no one ethically correct standard, only our morals based on how we were raised.  This means every culture might have similar ethics, or vastly different ethics.   Do you think humans will ever reach of level of society where we have a standard set of ethics across the board?…

What is Reality – 36 Pages 

The concept of a computer obtaining consciousness is not new. It has been the inspiration for sci-fi writers for years. However, the larger question at play here is whether artificial intelligence can actually be achieved. And if so, what are the ethical implications concerning this advancement. Take a moment to explain the Turing test (discussed in Chapter 1) and its use in determining computer intelligence. In doing so, please address the philosophical idea of the singularity (discussed in Chapter 7) and assess why conscious computers may be essential to the singularity. From what you have read, what are some of the ethical issues generated by AI technology? Do you foresee intelligent robotics being used to deliver services to people?

While AI machines are fantastic for specific uses – the ones given in the textbook of the AI machine that notes when swimmers are in trouble and alerts lifeguards, or when AI machines scan stores for threats of shoplifting.

But all computers are made and programmed by humans.  Even if the AI processes information a thousand times faster than our brains can, they aren’t human.  They don’t have a soul.  They don’t have a sum of experience stored in their brain that makes them react, form an opinion, be passionate about an idea.

The Turing test, by the way, argues that if a person converses with a computer over a network, unknown to the person, on any topic the person chooses, and the computer convinces the person it is human, then the computer has human level intelligence.

The issue with the Turing test, in my opinion, is the human on the other side.  My daughter has high functioning Autism.  She might be convinced of a human far before I would be.  Does the positive test in her case mean AI has been achieved?  I argue, “No”…