PSYC 110 Chapter 14-15 Study Plan


PSYC 110 Chapter 14-15 Study Plan
The term ____ means that the person is unable to distinguish between reality…

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PSYC 110 Chapter 14-15 Study Plan

PSYC 110 Chapter 14-15 Study Plan

A+ Week 7

Chapter 14

  1. The term ____ means that the person is unable to distinguish between reality and fantasy and experiences disturbances in thinking, emotions, and behavior
  2. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia appear to reflect a decrease of normal functions such as:
  3. An individual who uses ____ takes one negative event and interprets it as a never-ending pattern of defeat
  4. _____ is when a person believes that his or her behavior must be perfect or the result will be a total failure
  5. This is apparent when there is a sudden onset of intense alarm in which there can be multiple physical symptoms of stress occurring
  6. The most dominant symptom of a(n) ______ disorder is excessive or unrealistic worrying and fearfulness
  7. A woman who was assaulted cannot recall the experience itself and also cannot recall anything that happened in the two weeks following the event. She remembers everything leading up to the event.  The woman is suffering from:
  8. Researchers investigating ways to help people reduce their experience of test anxiety have found that _____ (imagining a person who is successful at a related task) lowered the relationship between test anxiety and test performance
  9. Scott experiences vast mood swings ranging from depression on one end of the spectrum to episodes when he feels euphoric and has so much energy that he can’t sleep. Scott is suffering from:
  10. A child who witnessed the death of his mother experiences symptoms of anxiety, dissociation, nightmares, poor sleep, reliving the event, and concentration problems as late as three years after the event. The child is suffering from:
  11. Maria is a college student and is generally anxious. She cannot identify any one thing in particular that is bothersome, but feels anxious most of the time.  Maria is exhibiting:
  12. _____, such as hearing voices or seeing things that aren’t really there, are not uncommon in someone diagnosed with schizophrenia
  13. A man with a paralyzing fear of heights has become unable to go upstairs or ride in an elevator. This is an example of:
  14. Research has found that lower levels of dopamine produced by the _____ are associated with attention deficits and poor organization of thought, two negative symptoms of schizophrenia
  15. Criteria such as behavior going against social norms, behavior that causes subjective discomfort, maladaptive behavior that causes an inability to function, and behavior causing a person to be dangerous to self or others are all indications of a:
  16. Cognitive psychologists believe abnormal behavior is the result of:
  17. The ____ model explains disordered behavior as the result of repressing one’s threatening thoughts, memories, and concerns in the unconscious mind
  18. A person who finds it difficult to function on a day-to-day basis may be displaying _____ behavior
  19. The study of abnormal behavior is called:
  20. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are ailments most often found in Western Society, and are therefore called:
  21. In the _____ model, abnormal behavior is seen as the result of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences
  22. Bulimia nervosa is a condition in which a person develops a cycle of binging on enormous amounts of food and then using inappropriate methods to avoid weight gain. What causes a person to binge when he or she is so worried about weight gain?
  23. The _____ theory explains dissociative disorders as the result of “thought avoidance” to avoid or decrease the pain of guilt, shame, or anxiety produced from disturbing thoughts and experiences
  24. The current name for what once called multiple personality disorder is:
  25. The DSM-5 contains all of the following EXCEPT:
  26. The frequency of ______ personality disorder is nearly three times greater in women than in men
  27. One of the most researched and well-known personality disorders is ______ personality disorder. These individuals are literally “against society.”
  28. Severe sadness that comes on suddenly, and is either (a) too severe for the circumstances or (b) exists without any external cause, is called:
  29. _____ is the most commonly diagnosed mood disorder
  30. Researchers have found a small correlation between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the onset of _____ in adolescence

Chapter 15

  1. Stevens is treating a client with depression. During their sessions together, Dr. Stevens focuses on the client’s relationships with friends, family, and coworkers, as well as how the everyday events of the client’s life affect his mood.  Dr. Stevens is using _____ to treat his client
  2. Daniel failed a math test. Upon receiving his grade, Daniel believed that he must be bad at math and therefore would fail the class, be unable to get into college, and would have to work in fast food for the rest of his life.   Daniel is exhibiting:
  3. Joy earns a gumball sticker for every chore she completes. She puts the stickers on her gumball chart.  When the gumball chart is filled, Joy gets to choose a prize out of the prize out of the prize box.  Joy’s parents are using:
  4. One of the criticisms of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies is that:
  5. While treating a child with a fear of swimming, the therapist first approaches the water, then touches the water, then stands in the water waist-deep, and finally floats in the water. The therapist then repeats the steps with the child.  This is an example of:
  6. In behavior therapy, the reduction of the undesired behavior is:
  7. ____ is an insight therapy that emphasizes revealing the unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that are assumed to cause disordered emotions and behavior
  8. _____is a technique in which the patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations
  9. An insight therapy that emphasizes revealing unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that may be causing mental disorders is called:
  10. The method of free association was developed by:
  11. Distortions of thinking in which a person blows a negative event out of proportion to its importance while ignoring relevant positive events is called:
  12. One of the goals of _____ is to use action-based therapies to change the way clients think from irrational, self-defeating thoughts to more rational, self-helping, positive thoughts
  13. In _____ , no one person is seen as the problem
  14. According to humanistic therapists, the ideal self and the real self should match as closely as possible. This is achieved through:
  15. A therapy style in which the therapist acts primarily as a sounding board is called _____ therapy
  16. A therapy technique is which the therapist restates what the client says rather than interpreting the statement is known as:
  17. Which of the following therapists would use leading questions and planned experiences, such as confronting clients about their own statements, in therapy sessions?
  18. ______ therapies are action based rather than insight based
  19. A technique in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to fear-provoking situations or objects and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is:
  20. _____ can be useful to treat disorders such as phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders by pairing a stimulus that normally causes an unwanted response with a neutral one, eventually creating desirable involuntary reactions
  21. A more recent version of behavior modification is known as applied behavior_____
  22. Who undertook one of the earliest studies into the question of whether psychotherapy really works?
  23. Electroconvulsive therapy is still used to treat:
  24. ______ drugs are used to treat symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and other bizarre behavior
  25. The first efforts to treat the mentally ill with kindness and guidance are known as:
  26. Using methods such as drugs, surgical procedures, electric shock treatments, and noninvasive stimulation techniques to treat psychological disorders is a form of:
  27. The word_______ means “a place of safety.”
  28. The goal of most psychotherapy is:
  29. The main goal of ___ therapy is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly
  30. Early treatments such as bloodletting, beatings, ice baths, and induced vomiting were all methods used to: