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PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology NEW DeVry

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PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology NEW DeVry
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PSYC 110 Study Plan Week 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7|Midterm Exam|Discussions Week 1-7 (2 Sets)|Final Exam

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PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology NEW DeVry

PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology NEW DeVry

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Study Plan Week 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7| Midterm Exam |Discussions Week 1-7 (2 Sets)| Final Exam

PSYC 110 Study Plan Week 1 Chapter 1 and 2 DeVry

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Chapter 1

  1. What did Watson believe about behavior?
  2. John Watson believed that phobias:
  3. The psychological perspective that is associated with William James is:
  4. Freud believed that personality was formed:
  5. Edwards wants to show a cause relationship between tobacco smoking and cancer. Dr. Edwards should:
  6. A researcher wants to describe children’s normal behavior on the playground. The best method for this research is to use:
  7. Jonas wanted to determine what happen if rats were given food every time they completed a maze. He believed they would learn to complete the maze faster.  This belief is called:
  8. O’Connor participated in a study in which she was told she would try out a new allergy medicine. She was in the group that received a sugar pill, but she believed that the pill did indeed help control her allergy symptoms.  This phenomenon is known as:
  9. When Mary took the survey in the mall, she noticed that the interviewer was wearing an Obama button. She answered the questions more favorably toward Obama than she might otherwise have, probably because:
  10. Anna is 45 years old and is suffering from hot flashes and extreme moodiness. From a(n)___perspective, Anna’s symptoms can be attributed to menopause
  11. Lewis participated in a study in which she was given no treatment for her condition. Mrs. Lewis was in the _____group
  12. Sasha sat in the preschool classroom and watched the children play, writing down how well they interacted with each other. The children could see that Sasha was watching them, so they made an attempt to be extra well-behaved for her.  Sasha’s research will be impacted by:
  13. Which of the following illustrates psychology’s goal of control?
  14. A drug company is determining the effects of a treatment for depression. Neither the researcher nor the participants know who is getting the treatment and who is given a sugar pill. This type of study is:
  15. Which of the following is a guideline for doing research with people?
  16. Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis:
  17. Mary is a psychologist who focuses on the role of the conscious and unconscious minds. To which perspective does Mary ascribe?
  18. _____focuses on how people think, remember, store, and use information
  19. Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as carefully as then can, they use ____ to study psychology
  20. A _____has a medical degree and is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
  21. Correlation will tell researchers all of the following EXCEPT ______between variables
  22. Researchers who allow their expectations about what they will see to affect the results of their observation studies are suffering from:
  23. If a correlation coefficient is positive:
  24. Experiments control the effects of extraneous or confounding variables upon members of experimental and control groups by using:
  25. Researchers use _____ for reducing bias and error in the measurement of data
  26. Who was the first female president of the American Psychological Association?
  27. Experimenters control the effects of extraneous or cofounding variables upon members of experimental and control groups by using:
  28. In a negative correlation:
  29. If there is _____ in a medical experiment, the control group will show changes in the dependent variable even if they are given a harmless substitute rather than a real drug
  30. All of the following statements about surveys are true EXCEPT:
  31. A _____ has a medical degree and is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
  32. Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as carefully as they can, they use _____ to study psychology
  33. Which research method will allow researchers to determine the cause of a behavior?
  34. The idea that sexual orientation may be related to the birth of male children was posited by researchers in the field of:
  35. Which of the following is a reason researchers prefer to use animals in experiments instead of humans?
  36. An institutional review board reviews:

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Chapter 2

  1. A work-related accident left Bob with a paralyzed left arm and an inability to recognize the left side of his visual field. Bob’s condition is called:
  2. If the pancreas secretes too much insulin, it results in a condition known as:
  3. According to the textbook, scientists are investigating the use of stem cells to:
  4. Which sense is the only one that is NOT processed through the thalamus?
  5. When people are walking, raising their hands in class, or smelling a flower, they are using the:
  6. The venom of a black widow spider is an example of a(n) _____, which mimics or enhances the effects of neurotransmitters
  7. Which statement most accurately explains the difference in functioning between the right hemisphere of the brain and the left hemisphere?
  8. The job of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is to:
  9. The spinal cord’s outer section is made up of _____ and the inner section is made up of _____
  10. The _____ us a network of cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body
  11. The part of the autonomic nervous system known as the “eat-drink-and-rest” system is the:
  12. The ____ is composed of the brain and the spinal cord
  13. Neuroplasticity is:
  14. The sac-like structures that are found at the end of a neuron’s axon and that contain neurotransmitters are called:
  15. When the action potential gets to the end of the axon:
  16. A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure and functioning of the nervous system is called
  17. Neurons fire:
  18. Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty substance called:
  19. When a neuron is at rest, the ions inside the cell are mostly ____ and the ions outside the cell are mostly ____
  20. The adrenal glands are located right on top of:
  21. The “master gland” that controls or influences all of the other endocrine glands is the:
  22. Dorothy has spinocerebellar degeneration, a condition that is likely to cause her to have difficulty with:
  23. The part of the brain that controls life-sustaining functions, such as heartbeat, breathing, and swallowing, is the:
  24. A functional MRI (fMRI) and a PET scan both:
  25. A(n) ____ is used to record the activity of the cortex just below the skull
  26. _______ provides energy for the brain during stress
  27. What is the primary role of the adrenal glands?
  28. Which endocrine gland is located in the neck and regulates metabolism?
  29. Why is the cortex so wrinkled?
  30. Which are of the brain influences sleep and dreaming?
  31. Phillips is having a test to see if he is suffering from seizures. Electrodes are attached to his scalp to measure the electrical activity of the brain. Mr. Phillips is having a(n):
  32. Unlike other glands, such as salivary or sweat glands, endocrine glands:
  33. Which of the following is most closely related to the functioning of the parasympathetic division?
  34. If the neurotransmitter affected by an antagonist is inhibitory itself, the result will be _____ in the activity of the cell
  35. The thalamus can be likened to a:
  36. Melissa is walking around barefoot and steps on a sharp nail. She feels the pain and immediately pulls her foot off the ground away from the nail.  Which neurons were involved in her response?
  37. The first identified neurotransmitter was:
  38. In the disease ____, the myelin sheath is destroyed
  39. When neurons fire and transmit messages, they:
  40. Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty substance called:

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PSYC 110 Lab Week 2 Chapter 3 and 4 DeVry

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Chapter 3

  1. A highly saturated red color would contain ____ wavelengths
  2. The three aspects to the perception of light are brightness, color, and:
  3. What are the three primary colors of light?
  4. Which of the following is TRUE about color blindness?
  5. Where is the retina located?
  6. Rods are visual sensory receptors responsible for:
  7. Terry stepped on a nail while walking around barefoot in her yard one week ago. The spot where the skin was punctured still hurts, reminding her to take it easy on her foot.  The soreness Terry is experiencing is known as _____ pain
  8. Which of the following statements best explains how the sense of taste works?
  9. The term ____ refers to stimuli that are below the level of conscious awareness
  10. The tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging information is known as:
  11. The _____ is the lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is present
  12. ______ can inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the brain
  13. According to gate-control theory:
  14. Motion sickness can be explained by:
  15. Nerve hearing impairment can be helped with the use of:
  16. Which mammals have the ability to hear up to 200,000 Hz?
  17. People who have difficulty with their hearing are said to be either totally or partially:
  18. In 1996, Lindemann proposed a fifth primary receptor that detects which type of taste?
  19. What is the common name for the taste receptor cells?
  20. Which of the following is TRUE about pictorial depth cues?
  21. The use of preexisting knowledge to organize individual features into a unified whole is known as:
  22. In Gestalt theories, the principle of closure refers to the tendency to:
  23. Which of the following is TRUE about depth perception?
  24. ____ refers to a rapid series of still pictures that seem to be in motion
  25. Research suggests that perception may be influenced by all of the following EXCEPT:
  26. Which is one of the basic tastes?
  27. The _____ is the lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is present
  28. The sense of pain can diminished by:
  29. The best current explanation for how pain works is the:
  30. The body’s reaction to dizziness with nausea is:
  31. The most common cause of conduction hearing impairment is:
  32. What portion of the ear serves as a funnel for sound from the outside world?
  33. _____ cells have a single dendrite at one end and a single axon at the other
  34. Why is it that people who live in Western cultures are more susceptible to the Muller-Lyer illusion than those who do not?
  35. Artists use the trick of _____ to give the illusion of depth in a painting

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Chapter 4

  1. Natural cycles of activity that bodies must go through are called:
  2. Delta waves are predominant in which stage of sleep?
  3. Which of the following is TRUE about night terrors?
  4. A person with sleep apnea:
  5. Which of the following parts of the body controls the sleep-wake cycle?
  6. Withdrawal is a sigh of:
  7. Which of the following is NOT true about psychoactive drugs?
  8. Which of the following kills the most people in the United States every day?
  9. Opium and its derivatives, morphine and heroin, duplicate the action of which of the following?
  10. Even in mild doses, marijuana negatively affects:
  11. Methamphetamine is an example of a:
  12. Barbiturates are known as:
  13. Calvin Hall concluded that:
  14. In the _____, dreams are less realistic because they come not from the outside world of reality but from within people’s memories and experiences
  15. The ____ of a dream is the actual dream itself
  16. On Sara’s walk to campus one morning, she was thinking about what a nice day it was, how many people were already on campus, and how she had to stop by the bookstore on her way to class. Sara was experiencing:
  17. Niles has begun to fall asleep suddenly during the day, sometimes in inappropriate places. Niles is most likely suffering from:
  18. Nightmares are more common in children than in adults because _____
  19. Derek was lying on the couch and had fallen asleep when all of a sudden his body jerked, and he woke up because he felt like he was falling. Derek was most likely in which stage of sleep?
  20. Debbie’s psychoanalyst tells her that the monster in her dream symbolizes her abusive father. He is discussing the dream’s:
  21. Theodora suffers from an inability to get to sleep and to stay asleep. Which of the following would help Theodora with her insomnia?
  22. Hypnosis is unable to do which of the following?
  23. The key to hypnosis seems to be:
  24. In Hilgard’s theory, the ____ remains aware of what is going on during hypnosis
  25. Mariam takes 20 minutes daily to sit by herself and meditate. A fully meditative state is a form of:
  26. ______ causes dehiqualitytutorialstion and a rise in body temperature
  27. The _____ is the internal clock that tells people when to wake up to fall asleep
  28. In studies in which volunteers spend several days without access to information about day or night, their sleep-wake cycles:
  29. A sudden loss of muscle tone is called:
  30. The social-cognitive theory of hypnosis assumes that people who are hypnotized are:
  31. If your psychoanalyst tells you that your emergence from a bathtub in your dream is symbolic of being born, she is talking about your dream’s:
  32. While many people take LSD in order to experience its hallucinogenic qualities, why can this become a dangerous activity?
  33. Driving and talking on a cell phone at the same time is an example of a state of:

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PSYC 110 Lab Week 3 Chapter 5, 6, and 7 DeVry

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Chapter 5

  1. Which of the following would be considered negative reinforcement?
  2. A typical use of applied behavior analysis is:
  3. After having many cavities fixed as a child, Kyle now has an active dislike of the dentist’s drill. His tendency to become anxious when hearing a similar-sounding noise is termed:
  4. Whenever Vernon comes home too late on a Saturday night, his parents refuse to give him his weekly allowance. Vernon’s parent are using what technique to modify his behavior?
  5. After a lengthy period during which UCS was not applied, Pavlov’s dogs stopped responding to the metronome. If a weaker conditioned response to the metronome occurred at some point after this, it would be a demonstration of:
  6. This scientist conducted research to establish the theory known as cognitive perspective
  7. The response that is given to the conditioned stimulus is not usually quite as strong as the original unconditioned response, ______
  8. In his classical conditioning experiment, Pavlov’s dogs were conditioned to salivate when they:
  9. The cognitive perspective of classical conditioning involves:
  10. Changes such as an increase in height or the size of the brain are called:
  11. Further studies that followed Kohler’s work with chimpanzees:
  12. In his study of rats in mazes, Tolman concluded that the rats in the group that did not receive reinforcement for solving the maze had:
  13. Which of the following individuals believed that cognition was an important part of behavior?
  14. The learning/performance distinction is a kind of:
  15. Which psychologist is best known for working with children and a Bobo doll to study whether aggressive behavior is learned by watching other be aggressive?
  16. The four elements of observational learning are attention, memory, ____, and ____
  17. A behavior is more resistant to extinction if it is:
  18. One of B.F. Sinner’s famous experiments involved:
  19. A recent study suggests a link between spanking and:
  20. Small steps in behavior that are reinforced, one after the other, to create a particular goal behavior are known as:

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Chapter 6

  1. A(n) _____ is a memory expert or someone with exceptional memory ability
  2. Ebbinghaus’s ______ shows that forgetting happens quickly, within the first hour, and then tapers off gradually
  3. The _____ is the part of the brain that is responsible for the formation of new long-term declarative memories
  4. Explicit memory begins to form after about age two_____
  5. When a memory is being formed, several changes take place in the brain in a process called:
  6. The information-processing model of memory suggests that:
  7. The Tower of Hanoi study found that people with anterograde amnesia:
  8. Research on _____ has implications for understanding learning and attention disorders as well as various dementia-related memory problems
  9. According to Craik and Lockhart, information that is _____ will be remembered more effectively and for a longer period of time
  10. One may transfer information from short-term memory (STM) into long-term memory (LTM) by:
  11. Which of the following best describes psychologist John Kihlstrom’s comments when talking about Bartlett’s book on memory?
  12. In a study discussed in the textbook that researched the effects of different types of information on memory, subjects viewed a slide presentation of a traffic accident. The actual slide presentation contained a stop sign, but in a written summary of the presentation, the sign was referred to as a yield sign. What were the results of this study?
  13. The fact that everyone remembers that George Washington was the first president points to the primacy effect as a result of:
  14. What is the best way for a person to overcome the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon?
  15. The idea that memory formation is a simulation is a simultaneous process is reflected in the:

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Chapter 7

  1. The cognitive universalism theory states that:
  2. Recent studies support Rosch-Heider’s theory of _____, rather than the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
  3. The debate over whether animals use real language centers around
  4. The system of rules for combining words and phrases to form grammatically correct sentences is”
  5. Vygotsky believed that:
  6. Five-year old Jordan is seeing a speech therapist in his preschool once a week because he has difficulty saying the “r” sound in his own name. When he says his name, people think it sounds like “jaw-dun.”  From a language perspective, Jordan is having difficulty with a specific ______
  7. Even after her girlfriends reported seeing her boyfriend Jeff out at clubs with other women, Jackie continues to believe her boyfriend and her friends who say the women are just old neighborhood friends
  8. An important factor in the formation of prototypes is:
  9. Which of the following images is the best example of a prototype for a fruit?
  10. A mental image that is larger and covers more distance:
  11. One barrier to innovative problem solving is persisting in using techniques that have been successful in the past, also known as:
  12. A mechanical problem-solving technique is also referred to as:
  13. Heuristics could also be called:
  14. Creative intelligence is related to:
  15. Cultures like that of the Japanese, which hold to well-established cultural traditions, put less value on:
  16. Gardner believes that reason, logic, and knowledge are:
  17. ______ often work with individuals who have traumatic brain injury
  18. Wechsler’s four index scales are verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and:
  19. Only differences among people in general can be investigated for the influence of genes because genes always interact with”
  20. If a test does not measure what it’s supposed to measure, then it lacks:

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PSYC 110 Lab Week 5 Chapter 8 and 10 DeVry

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Chapter 8

  1. Whish of the following is true about reflexes?
  2. Vygotsky’s ______ is the difference between what a child can do alone versus what a child can do with the help of a teacher
  3. The visual cliff experiment showed that babies have:
  4. Adolescence refers to the period between:
  5. The impulsive and often risky behavior that can still be seen in adolescence is partially the result of:
  6. Down syndrome is
  7. Genes that actively control the expression of a trait are referred to as:
  8. A ______ will always be expressed in the observable trait
  9. Humans have a total of _____ chromosomes in each cell of their bodies
  10. When the mass of cells does not completely split apart, the result is:
  11. ______ is a teratogen that may cause blindness
  12. During the embryonic period, the embryo ______
  13. Then placenta begins to form during the ______ period
  14. The changes that women experience 5 to 10 years prior to menopause are:
  15. Generally speaking, a person experiences the peak of their physical functioning during their:
  16. During the intimacy isolation stage, Erikson saw the primary task to be:
  17. Erikson believes that during late adulthood, people engage in a process called:
  18. The first stage in Kubler-Ross’s theory is:
  19. People who _____ have been found to be far less likely to develop memory problems in old age
  20. The primary task individuals facing Erikson’s stage of identity versus role confusion is to:
  21. Sylvia is a middle-aged woman who volunteers as a youth coordinator at her church and as a Girl Scout leader. She is developing what Erikson referred to as:
  22. A 4 year old watches her father pour liquid from a short, wide glass into a tall, thin glass. She believes that there is now more liquid in the tall glass than there was in the short glass.  This is known as:
  23. Seeing a dog for the first time, Kenetra—whose family owns a cat—points and says”cat.” Piaget would say this is an example of:
  24. Games such as “peel-a-boo” are important for infants because they help babies develop ____
  25. When Calvin’s mother left him with the babysitter, Calvin said, “Mommy go.” This is an example of:
  26. Pete and Evelyn are decorating the room for the baby they are expecting. To ensure that the baby’s room provides appropriate stimulation, the couple seek the advice of a developmental psychologist, who tell them that newborns prefer to look at:
  27. Vygotsky emphasized the importance of social interactions in cognitive development, whereas _____ stressed the importance of the child’s interactions with objects
  28. Sixteen-year-old Esmerelda often drinks several glasses of beer and then drives herself home. When her parents express worry that her drinking and driving will lead to an accident, Esmerelda responses, “That won’t happen to me.  It only happens to other people.”  Esmerelda’s thinking reflects:
  29. In the study of human development, the term nature refers to:
  30. Behavioral genetics is the study of:

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Chapter 10

  1. The _____ theory proposes that gender identity is acquired as a child develops a mental pattern for being male or female and then organizes observed and learned behavior around that mental pattern
  2. The characteristic of possessing the most positive personality characteristics of males and females regardless of actual sex is called:
  3. When compared with traditional males and females, androgynous people report feeling _____ when they are faced with negative life events
  4. Research has shown that cultures that are more ______ and have standards of living are more nontraditional in gender role expectations, while cultures that more _____ and have less wealth are more traditional in gender role expectations
  5. The term ______ refers to people whose sense of gender identity does not always match their external appearance or their sex chromosomes
  6. The Lakota word ______ is used in many Native American cultures for a man who also embodies the soul of a woman
  7. Research has shown that when men communicate, they tend to talk about current events and sports, switch topics frequently, and attempt to dominate the conversation. This is a _____ communication style
  8. What type of culture typically has more traditional ideas about gender roles and behavior?
  9. Allen has low self-esteem and anxiety about his ability to perform the sex act well. His sexual dysfunction probably stems from:
  10. All of the following are ways to transmit the HIV virus EXCEPT:
  11. Elizabeth is told by her mother that her interest in sex is evil. Elizabeth can no longer feel pleasure when she has sex.   This sexual dysfunction is attributed to:
  12. Which of the following is NOT true of the resolution phase?
  13. One of the earliest studies of the impact of biological factors on sexual orientation found that if the mother experienced severe stress during the second trimester:
  14. Organic factors, psychological factors, and sociocultural factors can all be causes of:
  15. According to your authors, which of the following is the best way to promote more women entering the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields?
  16. ______ are sexual organs present at birth and are directly involved in human reproduction
  17. What happens to make an embryo develop female sex organs?
  18. ______ are sexual organs and traits that develop at puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction
  19. The _____ ducts can become female primary sex organs
  20. Which of the following is an example of female primary sex characteristics?
  21. Which of the following is an example of a female secondary sex characteristic?
  22. A sexual condition in which the person either prefers to, or must, achieve sexual arousal and fulfillment through sexual behavior that is unusual or not socially acceptable is called:
  23. Alfred Kinsey is most know for:
  24. According to the Kinsey study, _____ percent of males had bisexual experiences
  25. According to the Janus report, the most common barriers to sexual activity in adults aged 57 to 85 were:
  26. A person’s sexual attraction and affection for members of either the opposite or the same sex is called:
  27. A person who is either male or female and is attracted to both sexes is called:
  28. A study has found that homosexual men and heterosexual women respond similarly to a testosterone-based pheromone that is secreted in perspiration; what does this tell us about the origin of homosexuality?
  29. Ten percent of women in the United States will develop ______ during their childbearing years
  30. The most common sexually transmitted infection is:

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PSYC 110 Lab Week 6 Chapter 11 and 12 DeVry

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Chapter 11

  1. According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, the cognitive-mediational theory suggests that:
  2. During the ____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome, the adrenal glands release hormones that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and the supply of blood sugar
  3. A person dealing with acculturative stress by choosing to maintain a sense of the original culture’s identity while also trying to form a positive relationship with members of the majority culture is using the _____ method
  4. According to the general adaptation syndrome, when a body first reacts to a stressor during the ____ system, causing increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and supply of blood sugar
  5. Endocrinologist Hans Selye’s three stages of the body’s physiological reaction to stress are called the:
  6. Stress has been linked to heart disease in part because the ____ is not activated when the sympathetic nervous system is aroused, and therefore it does not clear the fat and cholesterol from the blood stream, leading to clogged arteries
  7. The phases of the general adaptation syndrome are alarm
  8. Two economically-based social factors discussed in the text create stressful living conditions are poverty and:
  9. According to Lazarus’s cognitive appraisal approach, the first step in appraising a stressor is called _____ appraisal
  10. Which of the following activities is associated with a rise in immune system functioning?
  11. When Ravi found out that he didn’t get a high enough grade on his final for an A in his psychology course, he experienced stress from:
  12. Which of the following describes a person with a Type C personality?
  13. More than anything else, Kendra wants to be the lead singer in a rock band and become famous. However, during her singing lessons, her music teacher told her that her voice is flat and she has no future as a singer.  This is an example of:
  14. Religion is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
  15. Which of the following is NOT true regarding optimists?
  16. Howard was upset that he got a B in Biology, but he felt better knowing that he had improved over his previous grade and that he could work hard to get and A on the next exam. Howard was using _____ to help himself feel better
  17. Claire’s boss scolded her in front of her coworkers in a meeting. When she got home, she started a fight with her roommate.  What form of coping with this frustration did Claire demonstrate?
  18. If Tom has been adapting to a stressor and is now experiencing fatigue due to prolonged muscle tension, according to psychologist Selye, Tom is in the ____ stage
  19. Stress has been shown to:
  20. _____ strategies are actions people can take to master, tolerate, reduce, or minimize the effects of stress
  21. When it is not possible to change or eliminate a stressor, the best emotion-focused way to cope is:
  22. Concentrative meditation:
  23. Drug abuse, as a reaction to a source of frustration, is a form of:
  24. Adults find the hassle of ____ to be the greatest source of stress
  25. _____ is the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging
  26. According to the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, what life event causes the highest number of “life change units”?
  27. Holmes and Rahe’s Social Readjustment Rating Scale focuses on:
  28. Which of the following is a typical first response to a source of frustration?
  29. Miller and Rahe found that overall stress associated with many of the items on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale had _____ from the original 1967 ratings
  30. Stress-causing events are called:

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Chapter 12

  1. A person tries to change the belief, opinion, or course of action of another person through:
  2. According to the ____, people either expand on what they hear or they pay attention to the surface characteristics of persuasive messages
  3. Studies have found that the ____ is particularly active when people have made a decision that reduces dissonance and then acted on that decision
  4. Which of the following statements best describes attitudes?
  5. The fundamental attribution error is less likely:
  6. Some research suggests that ____ is one of the main factors that influence people’s choices for selecting people they want to know better
  7. In one study, college students liked another student simply because they were told that the other student liked them. This is an example of which rule of attraction?
  8. In Sternberg’s theory, _____ encompasses the physical aspects of love
  9. In order to teach her second grade students about _____, teacher Jane Elliot created in-groups and out-groups based on the superficial characteristic of eye color
  10. The formation of in-groups and out-groups
  11. Scapegoats are:
  12. The “jigsaw classroom”:
  13. Strategies for overcoming prejudice include:
  14. The sadistic behavior of the “guards” in Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Study:
  15. ______ occurs when a person fails to take responsibility for action or inaction because of the presence of other people who are seen to share the responsibility
  16. As we interact with others on a daily basis, our behavior, feelings, and thoughts are often guided by:
  17. In Solomon Asch’s study, confederates were instructed to:
  18. The war in Iraq, the design of the ship Titanic, and the Challenger disaster are all given in the textbook as examples of:
  19. In his experiment on conformity, Asch found that:
  20. Research on conformity suggests that if a ______ response is required, ______ show more conformity than_____
  21. The door-in-the-face technique involves:
  22. A person demanding ______ has power or authority to command a behavioral change, rather than just ask for a change
  23. Julie is a psychologist involved in figuring out how to get people to purchase a certain brand of computer. Julie is involved in:
  24. Justin walks into the morning meeting 15 minutes late. His boss, Marco, assumes that traffic was bad this morning.  Marco is using an example of:
  25. The presence of others heavily influences helping behavior when a situation is:
  26. Harry’s friend Logan studies a lot, so Harry assumes that Logan is smart. Harry’s belief is based on:
  27. When parents tell their children that smoking cigarettes is dangerous and unhealthy, and the children develop negative attitudes toward smoking, this is an example of:
  28. Shawn and Tanya start talking after they’ve ridden on the dorm elevator several times together. This is an example of which rule of attraction?
  29. Jackie is assigned to a group project. It is in her best subject, and she finds the material easy.  Jackie will probably experience:

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PSYC 110 Lab Week 7 Chapter 14 and 15 DeVry

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Chapter 14

  1. The term ____ means that the person is unable to distinguish between reality and fantasy and experiences disturbances in thinking, emotions, and behavior
  2. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia appear to reflect a decrease of normal functions such as:
  3. An individual who uses ____ takes one negative event and interprets it as a never-ending pattern of defeat
  4. _____ is when a person believes that his or her behavior must be perfect or the result will be a total failure
  5. This is apparent when there is a sudden onset of intense alarm in which there can be multiple physical symptoms of stress occurring
  6. The most dominant symptom of a(n) ______ disorder is excessive or unrealistic worrying and fearfulness
  7. A woman who was assaulted cannot recall the experience itself and also cannot recall anything that happened in the two weeks following the event. She remembers everything leading up to the event.  The woman is suffering from:
  8. Researchers investigating ways to help people reduce their experience of test anxiety have found that _____ (imagining a person who is successful at a related task) lowered the relationship between test anxiety and test performance
  9. Scott experiences vast mood swings ranging from depression on one end of the spectrum to episodes when he feels euphoric and has so much energy that he can’t sleep. Scott is suffering from:
  10. A child who witnessed the death of his mother experiences symptoms of anxiety, dissociation, nightmares, poor sleep, reliving the event, and concentration problems as late as three years after the event. The child is suffering from:
  11. Maria is a college student and is generally anxious. She cannot identify any one thing in particular that is bothersome, but feels anxious most of the time.  Maria is exhibiting:
  12. _____, such as hearing voices or seeing things that aren’t really there, are not uncommon in someone diagnosed with schizophrenia
  13. A man with a paralyzing fear of heights has become unable to go upstairs or ride in an elevator. This is an example of:
  14. Research has found that lower levels of dopamine produced by the _____ are associated with attention deficits and poor organization of thought, two negative symptoms of schizophrenia
  15. Criteria such as behavior going against social norms, behavior that causes subjective discomfort, maladaptive behavior that causes an inability to function, and behavior causing a person to be dangerous to self or others are all indications of a:
  16. Cognitive psychologists believe abnormal behavior is the result of:
  17. The ____ model explains disordered behavior as the result of repressing one’s threatening thoughts, memories, and concerns in the unconscious mind
  18. A person who finds it difficult to function on a day-to-day basis may be displaying _____ behavior
  19. The study of abnormal behavior is called:
  20. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are ailments most often found in Western Society, and are therefore called:
  21. In the _____ model, abnormal behavior is seen as the result of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences
  22. Bulimia nervosa is a condition in which a person develops a cycle of binging on enormous amounts of food and then using inappropriate methods to avoid weight gain. What causes a person to binge when he or she is so worried about weight gain?
  23. The _____ theory explains dissociative disorders as the result of “thought avoidance” to avoid or decrease the pain of guilt, shame, or anxiety produced from disturbing thoughts and experiences
  24. The current name for what once called multiple personality disorder is:
  25. The DSM-5 contains all of the following EXCEPT:
  26. The frequency of ______ personality disorder is nearly three times greater in women than in men
  27. One of the most researched and well-known personality disorders is ______ personality disorder. These individuals are literally “against society.”
  28. Severe sadness that comes on suddenly, and is either (a) too severe for the circumstances or (b) exists without any external cause, is called:
  29. _____ is the most commonly diagnosed mood disorder
  30. Researchers have found a small correlation between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the onset of _____ in adolescence

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Chapter 15

  1. Stevens is treating a client with depression. During their sessions together, Dr. Stevens focuses on the client’s relationships with friends, family, and coworkers, as well as how the everyday events of the client’s life affect his mood.  Dr. Stevens is using _____ to treat his client
  2. Daniel failed a math test. Upon receiving his grade, Daniel believed that he must be bad at math and therefore would fail the class, be unable to get into college, and would have to work in fast food for the rest of his life.   Daniel is exhibiting:
  3. Joy earns a gumball sticker for every chore she completes. She puts the stickers on her gumball chart.  When the gumball chart is filled, Joy gets to choose a prize out of the prize out of the prize box.  Joy’s parents are using:
  4. One of the criticisms of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies is that:
  5. While treating a child with a fear of swimming, the therapist first approaches the water, then touches the water, then stands in the water waist-deep, and finally floats in the water. The therapist then repeats the steps with the child.  This is an example of:
  6. In behavior therapy, the reduction of the undesired behavior is:
  7. ____ is an insight therapy that emphasizes revealing the unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that are assumed to cause disordered emotions and behavior
  8. _____is a technique in which the patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations
  9. An insight therapy that emphasizes revealing unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that may be causing mental disorders is called:
  10. The method of free association was developed by:
  11. Distortions of thinking in which a person blows a negative event out of proportion to its importance while ignoring relevant positive events is called:
  12. One of the goals of _____ is to use action-based therapies to change the way clients think from irrational, self-defeating thoughts to more rational, self-helping, positive thoughts
  13. In _____ , no one person is seen as the problem
  14. According to humanistic therapists, the ideal self and the real self should match as closely as possible. This is achieved through:
  15. A therapy style in which the therapist acts primarily as a sounding board is called _____ therapy
  16. A therapy technique is which the therapist restates what the client says rather than interpreting the statement is known as:
  17. Which of the following therapists would use leading questions and planned experiences, such as confronting clients about their own statements, in therapy sessions?
  18. ______ therapies are action based rather than insight based
  19. A technique in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to fear-provoking situations or objects and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is:
  20. _____ can be useful to treat disorders such as phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders by pairing a stimulus that normally causes an unwanted response with a neutral one, eventually creating desirable involuntary reactions
  21. A more recent version of behavior modification is known as applied behavior_____
  22. Who undertook one of the earliest studies into the question of whether psychotherapy really works?
  23. Electroconvulsive therapy is still used to treat:
  24. ______ drugs are used to treat symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and other bizarre behavior
  25. The first efforts to treat the mentally ill with kindness and guidance are known as:
  26. Using methods such as drugs, surgical procedures, electric shock treatments, and noninvasive stimulation techniques to treat psychological disorders is a form of:
  27. The word_______ means “a place of safety.”
  28. The goal of most psychotherapy is:
  29. The main goal of ___ therapy is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly
  30. Early treatments such as bloodletting, beatings, ice baths, and induced vomiting were all methods used to:

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PSYC 110 Midterm Exam Week 4 DeVry

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(TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals would have been using a method called (Points : 2)

Hypnosis

Objective introspection

Psychosurgery

Psychoanalysis

(TCOs 1,2) Sally proposes the idea that one’s sexual history prior to marriage may be linked to whether one ends up getting divorced. This best represents which step of the scientific method? (Points : 2)

Testing the hypothesis

Observing events

Forming a hypothesis

Formulating a theory

(TCO 4)  As part of a psychology experiment, Brett decides to measure a person’s “anxiety” by noting the number of blinks a person makes in a 20-minute social interaction with a stranger. Brett appears to have offered a(n) _____ of anxiety. (Points : 2)

Variable

Operational definition

Theory

Hypothesis

(TCO 4) In a laboratory, smokers are asked to “drive” using a computerized driving simulator equipped with a stick shift and a gas pedal. The object is to maximize the distance covered by driving as fast as possible on a winding road while avoiding rear-end collisions. Some of the participants smoke a real cigarette immediately before climbing into the driver’s seat. Others smoke a fake cigarette without nicotine. You are interested in comparing how many collisions the two groups have. In this study, thedependent variable is _____. (Points : 2)

The use of nicotine

The use of a driving simulator

The number of collisions

The driving skills of each driver

(TCO 4) John Russell has color blindness. He is most likely to have difficulty doing which of the following? (Points : 2)

Distinguishing red from blue

Distinguishing red from green

Distinguishing blue from yellow

Distinguishing red from yellow 

(TCOs 2, 3)  Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta’s brain was injured?(Points : 2)

Auditory association are

Motor cortex

Association areas

Somatosensory cortex

(TCOs 2, 3) As Joe walks to his car late at night, he hears footsteps behind him. Feeling afraid, Joe grips his keys and quickens his pace. It is likely that Joe’s _____ has been activated. (Points : 2)

Hypothalamus

Hippocampus

Amygdala

Cerebellum

(TCOs 2, 3)  A group of axons bundled together coated in myelin that travels together through the body is called a (Points : 2)

Synaptic vesicle

Nerve

Neurilemma

Myelinated pathway

(TCOs 2, 3)  The function of the neuron’s axon is to (Points : 2)

Carry messages to other cells

Regulate the neuron’s life processes

Receive messages from neighboring neurons

Insulate against leakage of electrical impulses

(TCOs 2, 3)  _____ are holes in the surface of the dendrites, or certain cells of the muscles and glands that are shaped to fit only certain neurotransmitters. (Points : 2)

Neurotransmitters

Axons

Synaptic vesicles

Receptor sites

(TCO 5)  You see an advertisement for a method of learning a foreign language that seems simple—just put on a tape and fall asleep. The accompanying description cites proof that people can learn while asleep. Being a good psychological detective, what question would you ask about the offered proof? (Points : 2)

Did the individuals actually dream about the foreign language?

What did the EEG indicate about the participants’ level of sleep?

Did the researchers use only long sleepers who would spend more time with the tapes?
Were study breaks included in the tape to provide greater comprehension of the material?

(TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a desire for a divorce. The therapist’s interpretation represents what Sigmund Freud called the dream’s ________. (Points : 2)

Deep content

Latent content

Manifest content

Subliminal content

(TCOs 7, 8)  Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door to the pantry, her dog would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling and whining. She thought that because the dog food was stored in the pantry, the sound of the door had become a(n) (Points : 2)

Unconditioned stimulus

Conditioned stimulus

Unconditioned response

Conditioned response

(TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the following? (Points : 2)

Observational learning

Latent learning

Insight learning

Cognitive learning

(TCOs 7, 8)  A young child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem with which part of the necessary components for observational learning? (Points : 2)

Attention

Memory

Imitation

Desire

(TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to memorize the names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of them when her phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to remember the first few bone names because of the (Points : 2)

Elaboration effect

Recency effect

Primacy effect

Maintenance effect

(TCO 7)  Which of the following pairings would result in the best overall memory? (Points : 2)

Sad during learning and happy at recall

Happy during learning and sad during recall

Serious during learning and serious during recall

Intoxicated during learning and sober during recall

(TCO 8)  Seventy percent of the students in a classroom are women and 30 percent are men. One student is described as ambitious, athletic, and assertive. Why are most people likely to think this description refers to a male student? (Points : 2)

They are using the availability heuristic

They are using the representativeness heuristic

People seek only confirming information

People tend to make relative comparisons

(TCO 8)  Tim and Jim are identical twins who were raised apart. Ned and Ed are fraternal twins who were raised together. Which pair of twins will have more similar IQ scores, if either? (Points : 2)

Tim and Jim

Ned and Ed

It is impossible to answer based on the given information

All twins have the same IQ

(TCO 8)  Sally is enrolled in a high school geometry course, which she describes as “drawing figures and figuring drawings.” In a typical class, students draw geometric figures and use a formula to calculate an aspect of the figure, such as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula, she is making use of what psychologists call (Points : 2)

Heuristic

Logarithms

Algorithms

Convergence

(TCO 8)  Which of the following statements about gifted people is true? (Points : 2)

They are more likely to suffer from mental illnesses

They are physically weaker than nongifted persons

They are often skilled leaders

They are socially unskilled

(TCO 9) A famed psychologist claims that motivated behaviors result from an effort to reduce tension caused by bodily needs, such as hunger or thirst. This psychologist’s philosophy most closely matches the _____ theory. (Points : 2)

Reciprocity

Homeostatic

Needs

Drive-reduction

(TCO 9)  Jack said, “I want to rule the world.” What type of need is this? (Points : 2)

Need for achievement

Need for affiliation

Need for power

Need for sex

(TCO 9)  You are walking in the forest and see a bear. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, what happens next? (Points : 2)

You experience physiological changes followed by fear

You feel fear followed by physiological changes

You experience physiological changes and a feeling of fear simultaneously

You experience physiological changes and context appraisal followed by fear

(TCO 9) Sam is known to be the fastest worker in the mail room. He has worked in the mail room for only a short time, but prides himself on being competent and a quick learner. He often gets positive comments from coworkers and his boss, which helps to motivate him and has a positive effect as he continues to challenge himself at work. As a result of his efficient style, he is also given more freedom than other workers, because his boss is impressed by his ability to sort and organize mail. Sam is likely to be _____ motivated as he continues to challenge and push himself to perform even better each day. (Points : 2)

Intrinsically

Extrinsically

Superiorly

Withinsically

(TCO 9)  Jack said, “I want to rule the world.” What type of need is this? (Points : 2)

Need for achievement

Need for affiliation

Need for power

Need for sex

(TCO 9)  Although Kim just ate a huge meal and feels “stuffed,” the idea of a chocolate sundae is too good to pass up. Which motivational term explains the appeal of the sundae? (Points : 2)

Incentive

Instinctive

Drive reduction

Cognitive dissonance

(TCO 11)  Carolyn took home some printer paper from the office. Later, she felt guilty for stealing it, so she brought some paper to work to replace what she took. Freud would suggest that Carolyn’s _____ was influencing her motives and behavior. (Points : 2)

ID

Unconscious mind

Ego

Superego

(TCO 11)  Donita is angry with her boss, so she leaves work a little early in order to run an extra mile before it gets dark. Which defense mechanism is Donita employing? (Points : 2)

Repression

Reaction formation

Rationalization

Sublimation

(TCO 11)  What was the basis for Freud’s development of his theory of the Oedipus conflict? (Points : 2)

He did not believe that the stories his female patients told about having been sexually abused by their fathers and other family members were real memories

He felt that we were biologically prewired to go through this conflict at certain ages, regardless of our surroundings or experience

He felt that women, by definition, were born neurotic and the Oedipus conflict gave value to that belief.
He observed that all women were unconsciously angry at their own children and developed the theory of the Oedipus conflict as a result

(TCO 11)  Which theories are less concerned with the explanation of personality development and changing personality than they are with describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description? (Points : 2)

Trait theories

Psychodynamic theories

Archetype theories

Behaviorist theories

(TCO 11)  A famous psychologist argues that there are three factors that influence personality: environment, person, and behavior. This psychologist is most likely a _____ psychologist. (Points : 2)

Psychodynamic

Social Cognitive

Psychoanalytic

Trait

(TCO 11)  Travis is a participant in the X-Games every year, which features events that are high-flying and exhilarating to watch or participate in, but also very dangerous to the competitors. Because Travis is willing to take chances with his health to get the adrenaline rush from these sorts of events, Cost and McCrae would argue that he ranks high on which of the five factors? (Points : 2)

Openness

Neuroticism

Conscientiousness

Extraversion

(TCOs 2, 3, 4) What are the primary functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the peripheral nervous system? Describe a situation or experience in which activation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions has occurred. (Points : 10)

The sympathetic division is responsible for controlling actions that are activated in stressful, angry, or fearful situations, while the parasympathetic is responsible for…

(TCOs 2, 3, 4)  You decide to go to work for a presidential candidate in the next election. You think that the way for you to get folks to vote for your candidate is to use some psychology. So, you make a deal with a soft-drink company to insert a picture of your candidate into its commercials for only a brief instant. It will be so quick that no one will notice the picture. That way, the candidate’s image will enter viewers’ subconscious minds and make them vote for your candidate. What psychological process are you trying to use and will it likely work? (Points : 10)

(TCOs 5, 7) What are the main differences between physical dependence and psychological dependence? Give examples of both types of dependence. (Points : 10)

Physical and psychological dependence are somewhat similar but have unique differences between the two.  Physical Dependence defined by the appearance of characteristic withdrawal symptoms when the substance is no longer being regularly used.  As an individual uses…

(TCOs 7, 8) Agatha Harkness-Smythe is determined to ban guns in the United States. This is a controversial topic and social scientists have debated whether the ownership of guns by citizens increases or decreases crime. Agatha could go the library and research this, using the social science literature. Instead, Agatha just reads the local newspaper and only cuts out articles about robberies where the “bad guy” used a firearm. Agatha is using a heuristic device that is impeding or obstructing her thinking. Define this heuristic device. What might be a better way for her to examine the issue and avoid this mistake? (Points : 10)

Agatha is using the Representativeness Heuristic in this situation.  She seems to be biased against guns for unknown reasons …

(TCOs 9, 11 ) What are the pros and cons of trait theories of personality? (Points : 10)

Social cognitive theorist Walter Mischel (Pg 520) has said, there is a trait-situation interaction in which the particular circumstance of any given situation are assumed to influence the way in which a trait is expressed”.  This means that there are unique pros and cons to using …

(TCOs 7, 8) The other day, you had to remember some items for an important exam. You are sure you studied them and knew them before you entered the classroom. However, you drew a blank when you took the test. What happened? Why might you not have remembered them? What might you have done to avoid this? (Points : 10)

(TCOs 7, 8) What is meant by a flashbulb memory? Describe its characteristics. Give an example that is well-known. Some psychologists are not impressed by these well-known examples of this phenomenon. What are some of the criticisms of the idea of flashbulb memory? (Points : 10)

Flashbulb memories are supposed to be thoughts and recollections that were made instantaneously and ended up being remembered forever. Typically, these memories

Discussions Set 1 

PSYC 110 Discussions Week 1-7 All Students Posts 749 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Psychological Research Discussions 1 Week 1 All Students Posts 63 Pages DeVry

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The text gives seven major perspectives in modern psychology. These perspectives are based on observations of how people think, feel, and act. Select a perspective that you think best explains human behavior and evaluate it for strengths and weaknesses.

This week we will be focusing our attention on and discussing the following Terminal Course Objectives (TCO’s) as they relate to the Science of Psychology: (1) Psychology’s Four Main Goals; (2) Major Perspectives In Psychology; (3) Scientific Method; (4) Research Methods; and (5) Ethics in Psychology (Ciccarelli & White, 2015).

TCO 1 (Given a contemporary research question or issue in the social sciences, such as the question of whether obesity can be linked to mood and anxiety disorders, assess the key theoretical perspectives related to the problem or issue and select the perspectives that best address the problem or issue)

TCO 2 (Given an intellectual, scientific research question that investigates human behavior and mental processes, apply the empirical approach of the social sciences in order to define, analyze, and formulate answers that may support various solutions to the problem)

To get us started, let’s consider and respond to the following questions (also shown above):

 PSYC 110 Biological Foundations Discussions 2 Week 1 All Students Posts 51 Pages DeVry 

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An ongoing debate continues on the influence of nature and nurture on human behavior. If you had to argue that either genetics (nature) or environment (nurture) has the greater impact on human development, which would you pick and why?

This week we have two graded topic areas. In this second threaded discussion area we will review the Biological Perspective (Ciccarelli & White, 2015) as it relates to Terminal Course Objective 3:

TCO 3 (Given any case involving possible biological causes for someone’s behavior, such as a substance abuse problem, brain injury, or unusual behavior, analyze the biological foundations of behavior and provide physiological explanations for changes in the person’s behavior, emotions, perceptions, and thoughts)

Let’s begin by responding to the following questions (also listed above):

An on-going debate continues on the influence of nature and nurture on human behavior. If you had to argue that either genetics (nature) or environment (nurture) has the greater impact on human development, which would you pick, and why?

PSYC 110 Psychological Research and Biological Foundations Discussions Week 1 All Students Posts 114 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Sensation and Perception Discussions 1 Week 2 All Students Posts 54 Pages DeVry

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Sensation and perception are two different processes. Does sensory stimulus shape our perceptions? Do our perceptions misinterpret our sensations? How does that happen?

In Week 2 we have two graded topic areas. In this first threaded discussion area we will analyze Sensation and Perception (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 90-130) as these topics relate to Terminal Course Objective 4:

TCO 4 (Given a particular work or interpersonal situation, such as discussing with co-workers the problems within a department or talking to friends about the accuracy of an umpire’s call in a baseball game, describe the ways different people might perceive the same situation and indicate how perception may affect their beliefs about and reactions to the situation).

Let’s begin by responding to the following (also listed above):

Sensation and perception are two different processes (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 90-130)
1. Does sensory stimulus shape our perceptions?
2. Do our perceptions misinterpret our sensations?
3. How does 1 and 2 above happen? Please use concrete examples to help bolster your logic.

 PSYC 110 Consciousness Discussions 2 Week 2 All Students Posts 58 Pages DeVry 

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How important is sleep to your overall functioning throughout the day? What are you doing to ensure that you get a good night’s sleep?

This week in this first threaded discussion area we will analyze and discuss “Consciousness” [(1) Consciousness; (2) Sleep; (3) Dreaming; (4) Sleep Disorders; (5) Hypnosis; and (6) Psychoactive Drugs and Addiction (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 134-168)] as these subjects relate to Terminal Course Objective 5:

TCO 5 (Given a fellow student, family member, or employee who is having difficulty paying attention or is looking for ways to relax or become more self-aware, analyze the factors that affect consciousness, alertness, and self-awareness).

Let’s begin this discussion by responding to the following questions:

(1) How important is sleep to your overall functioning throughout the day?
(2) What are you doing to ensure that you get a good night’s sleep?

PSYC 110 Sensation and Perception and Consciousness Discussions Week 2 All Students Posts 112 Pages DeVr

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PSYC 110 Learning Discussions 1 Week 3 All Students Posts 57 Pages DeVry

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After you have read about the theories of learning, reflect on how you learned as a child. What methods did your parents use to teach you how to act? Was it through classical conditioning? What about operant conditioning and social learning theory? Which theory had the biggest impact? Why? Give an example and state how it has impacted the person you are today.

This week our Terminal Course Objectives are 7 and 8:

TCO 7 (Given a task such as training a new employee in a specific job skill, encouraging more socially appropriate behaviors, or encouraging recall of previously learned information, apply the principles of learning to develop a plan for increasing desired behaviors and reducing or eliminating undesirable behaviors or for comprehending material)

TCO 8 (Given an individual who either struggles academically or maintains high academic achievement levels, assess the potential effectiveness of IQ tests or “culture fair” intelligence tests for indicating the reasons for the person’s performance)

In the first graded thread we are going to converse and have many insightful discussions on Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Cognitive Learning and Social Learning/Observational Learning (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 176-212).

Before we tackle the discussion questions, let’s first form a strong foundation by defining Learning and Conditioning (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, p. 176).

After you have read about the theories of learning (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 176-212), reflect on how you learned as a child. Next, answer the following questions: (1) What methods did your parents use to teach you how to act?; (2) Was is through classical conditioning (pp. 176-186)?; (3) What about operant conditioning (pp. 187-204) and observational learning (pp. 209-212)?; (4) Which theory had the biggest impact? Why?; and (5) Give an example(s) and state how it has impacted the person you are today .

All – let’s continue this great momentum we have going in the course. The Week 1 and 2 threaded discussions have been excellent and I’m looking forward to an even better Week 3.

PSYC 110 Memory and Intelligence Discussions 2 Week 3 All Students Posts 45 Pages DeVry

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We all seem to want a good memory (What are my coworkers names? Where did I leave my computer? What day was I supposed to submit that proposal to my boss?). These might be typical memory issues. After reading about memory and intelligence, what is your most valuable tip for the class in improving your ability to remember things?

This week our Terminal Course Objectives are 7 and 8. In this second graded threaded discussion area we will converse on the topics of (1) Memory; (2) Forgetting; (3) Biological Bases of Memory; (4) Memory Distortions; and (5) Intelligence (Ciccarelli & White, 2015).

TCO 7 (Given a task such as training a new employee in a specific job skill, encouraging more socially appropriate behaviors, or encouraging recall of previously learned information, apply the principles of learning to develop a plan for increasing desired behaviors and reducing or eliminating undesirable behaviors or for comprehending material)

TCO 8 (Given an individual who either struggles academically or maintains high academic achievement levels, assess the potential effectiveness of IQ tests or “culture fair” intelligence tests for indicating the reasons for the person’s performance)

Let’s begin by responding to the following (also shown above):

We all seem to want a good memory. “What are my co-workers names? Where did I leave my computer? What day was I supposed to submit that proposal to my boss?” – might be typical memory issues.
(1) After reading about memory (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 218-256), what is your most valuable tip for the class on improving your ability to remember things?
(2) Please use concrete examples to help support your logic.

PSYC 110 Learning and Memory and Intelligence Discussions Week 3 All Students Posts 102 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Motivation and Emotion Discussions 1 Week 4 All Students Posts 55 Pages DeVry

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From your reading, you have seen that there are several theories of motivation. You may also sense that some of the theories may not specifically apply to you. Given that introduction, which theory of motivation is the best fit for describing your behavior?

During Week 4, in this first Discussion Forum, we will review and discuss Motivation and Emotion (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 252-283) as they relate to Terminal Course Objective 9 and 11:

TCO 9 (Given a friend who is lacking drive to succeed, or a colleague who is going through varying levels of involvement in, and commitment to, his/her goals, analyze the situation with regards to the factors that influence existing motivational levels, and develop a framework for improving such motivational levels).

TCO 11 (Given a need to understand, explain, and interpret someone’s behavior, examine the development, structure, and functioning of personality and compare and contrast the major theories, including the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each approach).

Without looking at any reference material (e.g., your textbook), define “Motivation”. In essence, what does motivation mean to you?

PSYC 110 Theories of Personality Discussions 2 Week 4 All Students Posts 51 Pages DeVry

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Theories of personality are based on observations of how humans develop behavior patterns. Psychological testing assumes there are certain fixed aspects of human personality and those aspects can be identified through standardized measurements. As part of your application for a position, you may be administered one of these tests to determine if you are a good fit for the company. The Big Five personality trait assessment is in your Webliography. Take this assessment and comment on (1) its accuracy for you and (2) which of those traits may change over time.

In this second graded threaded discussion area, we will take an in-depth look at Personality by discussing how Personality Theories (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 502-524) relate to Terminal Course Objective 9 and 11:

TCO 9 (Given a friend who is lacking drive to succeed, or a colleague who is going through varying levels of involvement in, and commitment to, his/her goals, analyze the situation with regards to the factors that influence existing motivational levels, and develop a framework for improving such motivational levels).

TCO 11 (Given a need to understand, explain, and interpret someone’s behavior, examine the development, structure, and functioning of personality and compare and contrast the major theories, including the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each approach).

First, in your own words, define the “Big Five” Theory of Personality (O.C.E.A.N.; Ciccarelli & White, 2015, p. 520) – again, please remember that if you put content from an external source into your own words (paraphrasing), you still have to cite that content.

Theories of personality are based on observations of how humans develop behavior patterns. Psychological testing assumes there are certain fixed aspects of human personality and those aspects can be identified through standardized measurements. As part of your application for a position, you may be administered one of these tests to determine if you are a good fit for the company.

Take the Big Five Personality Trait Assessment (just click on the link below):
(John, 2000; and comment on
(1) its accuracy for you; and (2) which of these traits may change over time?

PSYC 110 Motivation and Emotion and Theories of Personality Discussions Week 4 All Students Posts 106 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Physical, Cognitive and Social Development Discussions 1 Week 5 All Students Posts 55 Pages DeVry

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Human development is a process in which there are various cognitive, physical, social, and emotional milestones from conception to death, all of which require mastery. Our discussion begins with an exploration of physical development. All stages are essential for development, however, if you had to rank the importance of these physical stages, which would you rank as most important? Please provide an explanation to support your answer.

In the first graded thread in Week 5, we are going to converse and have many insightful discussions on Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, Personality, Social and Moral Development (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 306-347), as each relate to Terminal Course Objective 10 and 11:

TCO 10 (Given a child who is lagging in motor and language skills, an adolescent struggling with an identity crisis, or an older adult confronting issues related to retirement, assess how research on development and the major developmental theories might explain and help someone cope with these issues)

TCO 11 (Given a need to understand, explain, and interpret someone’s behavior, examine the development, structure, and functioning of personality and compare and contrast the major theories, including the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each approach)

Students who actively participate in the weekly threaded discussions tend to do extremely well on the weekly assignments. So as always, I expect to see everyone continue to work hard in the threads and reach their weekly posting requirements of 3 high value posts on 3 separate days starting no later than Wednesday of each week.

Before we tackle the discussion questions, let’s first form a strong foundation by defining Developmental Psychology (see Ciccarelli & White, 2015, p. 306).

Next, answer the following questions: Human development is a process in which there are various physical, cognitive, emotional, personality, social, and moral milestones from conception to death (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 306-347), all of which require mastery. Our discussion begins with an exploration of physical development. All stages are essential for development, however, if you had to rank the importance of these physical stages [e.g., prenatal development (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 312-316) or postnatal development (e.g., reflexes, motor, brain (p. 317), etc.], which would you rank as most important? Please provide an explanation to support your answer.

PSYC 110 Sexuality and Gender Discussions 2 Week 5 All Students Posts 47 Pages DeVry

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Understanding sexuality varies from culture to culture, yet there are basic biological, cognitive, and emotional components in sexuality and sexual development. A good starting point in understanding our topic this week will be to explore the issues of sexual identity and gender role. What is the difference between the two and what are some examples of sexual identity and gender roles?

In this second graded threaded discussion area for Week 5, we will explore the subjects of Sexuality and Gender (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 336-415), as each relate to Terminal Course Objective 10 and 11.

PSYC 110 Physical, Cognitive and Social Development and Sexuality and Gender Discussions Week 5 All Students Posts 102 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Stress Discussions 1 Week 6 All Students Posts 52 Pages DeVry

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We are exploring the nature of stress, its effect on human functioning, and techniques to minimize stress. What is the biggest source of stress you have in your life? What is the most effective technique you have used to handle it?

This week we have two graded topic areas. In this first threaded discussion area we will review Stress as it relates to Terminal Course Objective 6:

TCO 6 (Given an account of a stressful personal or professional situation, identify the sources of the stress, evaluate the impact of the stressors, and identify several stress management techniques appropriate for the situation).

Let’s begin by responding to the following questions (also listed above):

1. What is the biggest source of stress [stressor(s)] you have in your life (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 421-429)?

2. What is the most effective technique you have used to handle it (also see Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 445-449)?

As you know it takes everyone involved to create meaningful discussions so beginning this week, I would like to see each student respond to at least three other student posts in the threads. I look forward to reading your posts and your continued interaction with one another in the threads. Now let’s get started!

PSYC 110 Social Psychology Discussions 2 Week 6 All Students Posts 57 Pages DeVry

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Why is it that some people will blame others for their misfortunes yet excuse themselves of responsibility when they fail? Explain the fundamental attribution error and the self-serving bias and offer some suggestions as to how to avoid those errors.

In this second threaded discussion area we will explore and converse on “Social Psychology” [(1) Attribution Theory; (2) Attitudes (3) Conformity; (4) Obedience; (5) Group Processes; (6) Prejudice and Discrimination; (7) Interpersonal Attraction; (8) Aggression; and (9) Prosocial Behavior/Altruism (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 452-495)] as this subject relates to Terminal Course Objective 13:

TCO 13 (Given a situation depicting social influence, such as pressure to conform to a group, demands for obedience to an authority figure, or the persuasive effects of a commercial, assess the impact and extent of such influence on the behavior of those depicted and on people generally).

Let’s begin this discussion by having each of you define/explain “Attributions” (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, p. 473) in your own words.

Next, please respond to the following questions:

(1) Why is it that some people will blame others for their misfortunes yet excuse themselves of responsibility when they fail?
(2) Explain the fundamental attribution error (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 474-475) and the self-serving bias/actor-observer bias (p. 474) and offer some suggestions as to how to avoid those errors.

PSYC 110 Stress and Social Psychology Discussions Week 6 All Students Posts 109 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Psychological Disorders Discussions 1 Week 7 All Students Posts 56 Pages DeVry

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Despite the best efforts of psychologists, psychiatrists, and medical researchers, psychological disorders appear to be as prevalent today as they ever were—if not more so. What might be the cause of this phenomenon? Inadequate genetic makeup? Inadequate parenting? Inadequate social structures? What is different in our culture today than in previous generations? Please provide support for your opinion.

This week in our first graded threaded discussion area we will have many knowledge enhancing conversations on the topic of “Psychological Disorders” (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 538-567) as they relate to our Terminal Course Objectives (TCO’s) 11 and 12:

TCO 11 (Given a need to understand, explain, and interpret someone’s behavior, examine the development, structure, and functioning of personality and compare and contrast the major theories including the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each approach).

TCO 12 (Given a situation pertaining to a person exhibiting abnormal or maladaptive thoughts/behaviors, analyze the possible biological and social causes of such behaviors, how they are diagnosed by mental health professionals, what type of treatment may be needed, and how society responds to people living with mental disorders).

PSYC 110 Theories and Therapy Discussions 2 Week 7 All Students Posts 48 Pages DeVry

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At some point in your life you may think you need therapy. At some point in your life, you may think a coworker or a family member needs therapy. Should you find yourself in that situation, which type of therapy would you recommend for another person or yourself: psychoanalysis, cognitive, humanistic, group, behavioral, or biomedical (medication or surgery)? Why? (If you would recommend no treatment for yourself or a coworker, please explain your rationale for this.)

This week in our second graded threaded discussion area we will have many discussion enhancing conversations on the topic of “Therapy” (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, pp. 576-607) as it relates to Terminal Course Objectives (TCO’s) 11 and 12:

TCO 11 (Given a need to understand, explain, and interpret someone’s behavior, examine the development, structure, and functioning of personality and compare and contrast the major theories including the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each approach).

TCO 12 (Given a situation pertaining to a person exhibiting abnormal or maladaptive thoughts/behaviors, analyze the possible biological and social causes of such behaviors, how they are diagnosed by mental health professionals, what type of treatment may be needed, and how society responds to people living with mental disorders).

PSYC 110 Psychological Disorders and Theories and Therapy Discussions Week 7 All Students Posts 104 Pages DeVry

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Discussions Set 2 

PSYC 110 Discussions Week 1-7 All Students Posts Pages All Students Posts 387 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Psychological Research Discussions 1 Week 1 All Students Posts 35 Pages DeVry

The text gives seven major perspectives in modern psychology. These perspectives are based on observations of how people think, feel, and act. Select a perspective that you think best explains human behavior and evaluate it for strengths and weaknesses. What an inspiring attitude Lindsy. You are doing a terrific job of taking control of your future. Do you beleive this is because of strengths you inherited, you learned or you acquired in some other way?
For the record wise theorists if you support the environmental point of view (nurture) you are a “nurturist”. If you believe the greatest influences are those that are inherited (nature) you are a “naturist.” If you believe both heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) affect the way we behave what term would describe your beliefs?  Which of these perspectives do you find most valid? Why? One of the basic goals in humanistic psychology is to help people “self-actualize.” What exactly is “self-actualization”?…

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PSYC 110 Biological Foundations Discussions 2 Week 1 All Students Posts 27 Pages DeVry

An ongoing debate continues on the influence of nature and nurture on human behavior. If you had to argue that either genetics (nature) or environment (nurture) has the greater impact on human development, which would you pick and why? What kind of characteristics or conditions are known to be generically induced? What kinds are environmentally created? How might these answers shape the future of the child of a serial killer? what is the difference between afferent and efferent neurons? What is the central nervous system?…

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PSYC 110 Psychological Research and Biological Foundations Discussions Week 1 All Students Posts 62 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Sensation and Perception Discussions 1 Week 2 All Students Posts 27 Pages DeVry

Sensation and perception are two different processes. Does sensory stimulus shape our perceptions? Do our perceptions misinterpret our sensations? How does that happen? Hello all! For this thread we expand our discussion to the way we view life ..ok big topic I know but I mean literally how we “see” things. To be clear, we are not discussing opinion or point of view; we are talking about how are eyes, ears, nose and other receptors send messages to the brain and how we use these messages to perceive our world.
You may choose to respond to the prompt above or you may respond to the following: Are our perceptions always accurate? Are your perceptions the same as someone else’s? What does your experience with these activities tell you about the ways differing perceptions might affect our reactions in social settings? What part of the brain controls what we see?…

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PSYC 110 Consciousness Discussions 2 Week 2 All Students Posts 29 Pages DeVry

How important is sleep to your overall functioning throughout the day? What are you doing to ensure that you get a good night’s sleep? As students of psychology we find that analyzing the influence of one’s mental state on behavior and performance in situation is critical.
For example, people need a certain amount of sleep to function properly in society. People today are generally getting less sleep than their ancestors did one hundred years ago. What price do you see society paying for its lack of sleep? How does this impact your life? Can you explain the functions of the stages of sleep and classify the major sleep disorders in terms of their causes, effects, and available treatment options? Would one of our alert students define this term and tell us more about how it relates to sleep?…

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PSYC 110 Sensation and Perception and Memory and Consciousness Discussions Week 2 All Students Posts 56 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Learning Discussions 1 Week 3 All Students Posts 30 Pages DeVry

After you have read about the theories of learning, reflect on how you learned as a child. What methods did your parents use to teach you how to act? Was it through classical conditioning? What about operant conditioning and social learning theory? Which theory had the biggest impact? Why? Give an example and state how it has impacted the person you are today.
Learned psychologists let’s consider this, this week we begin talking about some of the forces that shaped who you are …this is a big topic. Let’s begin with the basics please define one of the following: classical conditioning, operant conditioning or social learning theory (parents you will want to pay attention to the last of these.) Now once you define one please explain an example of how this shaped your behavior as you were growing up. Scholars, To keep it interesting please try to avoid repeating the precise definition of someone who posted before you. If you wanted to teach a pet…perhaps a puppy…to perform a task(“SIT”) how would you begin? Can you compare and contrast the use and effectiveness of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment in changing behaviors? What is a “primary reinforcer” and what is a secondary reinforcer? …

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PSYC 110 Memory and Intelligence Discussions 2 Week 3 All Students Posts 25 Pages DeVry

We all seem to want a good memory (What are my coworkers names? Where did I leave my computer? What day was I supposed to submit that proposal to my boss?). These might be typical memory issues. After reading about memory and intelligence, what is your most valuable tip for the class in improving your ability to remember things?  See the question above and please provide a tip to help improve memory of specific facts (as in information for psychology finals) …also see our text or find other information and explain why your method works  (see our text for help). Can you find any research (from a credible source) that teaches us more about memory and sleep? Why do people forget things? How much of it can be organic? How much of it can be psychological? Why do you remember what you needed at the grocery store, but forgot to get what another family member wanted? Most of us have heard of “intelligence tests” and the term “IQ” but what do we really understand about what it means to be smart?…

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PSYC 110 Learning Discussions and Memory and Intelligence Discussions Week 3 All Students Posts 55 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Motivation and Emotion Discussions 1 Week 4 All Students Posts 24 Pages DeVry

From your reading, you have seen that there are several theories of motivation. You may also sense that some of the theories may not specifically apply to you. Given that introduction, which theory of motivation is the best fit for describing your behavior? What motivates you? Can you define the satisfaction theory using a good source? What theorist is known for his or her development of this theory? So, since not everyone picks the same theory, indicating people are motivated by different rewards, what does that tell you about how you might manage and motivate others in the work place or in your family? If one theory does not fit all, what do you need to do as a manager? A parent? What is homeostasis and how does it affect motivation? According to motivation theory, how do low levels of arousal affect behavior efficiency? Why is this true?…

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PSYC 110 Theories of Personality Discussions 2 Week 4 All Students Posts 36 Pages DeVry

Theories of personality are based on observations of how humans develop behavior patterns. Psychological testing assumes there are certain fixed aspects of human personality and those aspects can be identified through standardized measurements. As part of your application for a position, you may be administered one of these tests to determine if you are a good fit for the company. The Big Five personality trait assessment is in your Webliography. Take this assessment and comment on (1) its accuracy for you and (2) which of those traits may change over time.  The information you need for this can be found in the “Doc sharing” section of our webpage. The link to this is at the top center of this page.   Do any of these personality traits seem to change as we age? Can you find accurate information to help us learn more about this? What is meant by the terms neuroticism, extroversion and openness to experience”?…

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PSYC 110 Motivation and Emotion and Theories of Personality Discussions Week 4 All Students Posts 60 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Physical, Cognitive and Social Development Discussions 1 Week 5 All Students Posts 28 Pages DeVry

Human development is a process in which there are various cognitive, physical, social, and emotional milestones from conception to death, all of which require mastery. Our discussion begins with an exploration of physical development. All stages are essential for development, however, if you had to rank the importance of these physical stages, which would you rank as most important? Please provide an explanation to support your answer. Scholars, some believe that  prenatal development, the time from conception to birth, is most important because so  many factors involved will affect either positively or negatively the future of the human being preparing to be born.  If you agree that this stage is most important, please list and explain some of the changes that take place during prenatal development. Should you choose another stage as most important please name the stage of development that is more critical and explain some of the changes or other factors determining your choice. Since in this one thread we are going to cover all (!) of the stages of life, it is probably best to begin at the earliest development. What are the stages of prenatal development? …

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PSYC 110 Sexuality and Gender Discussions 2 Week 5 All Students Posts 23 Pages DeVry

Understanding sexuality varies from culture to culture, yet there are basic biological, cognitive, and emotional components in sexuality and sexual development. A good starting point in understanding our topic this week will be to explore the issues of sexual identity and gender role. What is the difference between the two and what are some examples of sexual identity and gender roles? Our book describes a fairly recent change in the way culture influences gender roles. Would one of our wise and worldly scholars describe this change? How do physical and psychological sexual problems differ? When do primary sex characteristics first develop and how is this related to the chromosomes of the 23rd pair? What is the definition of a sexual dysfunction and what does our text list as one (or more) of the causes? Let’s dig deeper. Using our text or another reliable source like the American Psychological Association please respond to the following: How do gender roles develop, and how can they be influenced by stereotypes or an emphasis on androgyny?…

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PSYC 110 Physical, Cognitive and Sexuality and Gender Discussions Week 5 All Students Posts 51 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Stress Discussions 1 Week 6 All Students Posts 28 Pages DeVry

We are exploring the nature of stress, its effect on human functioning, and techniques to minimize stress. What is the biggest source of stress you have in your life? What is the most effective technique you have used to handle it? In this thread we will be  discussing the relationship between stress and health. You may choose to discuss (as described above) sources of stress in your life or you may choose to discuss stress generally related to situations experienced by college students. Can you describe healthy ways to cope with stress? Does our text or do other credible sources provide support for any of these? Please explain and cite these. What does our text book say about stress, exercise and those with optimistic outlooks? …

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PSYC 110 Social Psychology Discussions 2 Week 6 All Students Posts 29 Pages DeVry

Why is it that some people will blame others for their misfortunes yet excuse themselves of responsibility when they fail? Explain the fundamental attribution error and the self-serving bias and offer some suggestions as to how to avoid those errors. Attribution has to do with what you view as the reason or cause for something (usually something you wish did not happen.) So if you or your beloved child is up at bat (softball, baseball) and you strike out or he/she strikes out…whose “fault” do you find. Was it a bad call on that last throw…or did the person at bat err in judgment and swing at a bad ball? Now think about the last time you attributed a behavior to a cause…did you attribute it to the performer of the task or to the environment?…

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PSYC 110 Stress and Social Psychology Discussions Week 6 All Students Posts 57 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Psychological Disorders Discussions 1 Week 7 All Students Posts 24 Pages DeVry

Despite the best efforts of psychologists, psychiatrists, and medical researchers, psychological disorders appear to be as prevalent today as they ever were—if not more so. What might be the cause of this phenomenon? Inadequate genetic makeup? Inadequate parenting? Inadequate social structures? What is different in our culture today than in previous generations? Please provide support for your opinion. This week we are going to be learning about psychological disorders. Most have us have known someone with a personality that is unusual or (to our thinking) odd. How do we know when bizarre behavior is something to be concerned about? What is schizophrenia and why do psychologists think a tendency for this disorder might be inherited?…

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PSYC 110 Theories of Therapy Discussions 2 Week 7 All Students Posts 22 Pages DeVry

At some point in your life you may think you need therapy. At some point in your life, you may think a coworker or a family member needs therapy. Should you find yourself in that situation, which type of therapy would you recommend for another person or yourself: psychoanalysis, cognitive, humanistic, group, behavioral, or biomedical (medication or surgery)? Why? (If you would recommend no treatment for yourself or a coworker, please explain your rationale for this.) What is humanistic psychology and who are some of the most well-known theorists in this field? In a general sense can you explain some of the techniques or define a few key terms important to cognitive therapy?…

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PSYC 110 Psychological Disorders and Theories of Therapy Discussions Week 7 All Students Posts 46 Pages DeVry

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PSYC 110 Final Exam Week 8 DeVry

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(TCOs 1, 2) According to Freud, unconscious urges (Points : 5)

Are able to be suppressed

Only pertain to sex

Attempt to surface and affect our behaviors

Have no impact on everyday life

(TCOs 1, 2) Sallie noticed that when her alarm clock goes off in the morning, her dog Ruffles is standing by her bed salivating. Every morning when Sallie wakes to the alarm, she immediately rolls out of bed and feeds Ruffles, who very much enjoys his canned dog food. It is likely that _____. (Points : 5)

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to enjoy canned dog food

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to sleep next to her bed

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate over canned dog food

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate to the sound of her alarm clock

(TCOs 1, 2) You attend a lecture by a psychologist who uses terms such as free will and self-actualization.
Which psychological perspective is most consistent with the points the psychologist presented? (Points : 5)

Behaviorism

Humanism

Functionalism

Psychodynamics

(TCOs 1, 2) Julie finds that the number of hours she sleeps each night is related to the scores she receives on quizzes the next day. As her sleep approaches eight hours, her quiz scores improve; as her sleep drops to five hours, her quiz scores show a similar decline. Julie realizes that _____. (Points : 5)

There is a negative correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades

There is a positive correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades

Her low quiz scores are caused by sleep deprivation the night before a quiz
She should sleep about 10 hours a night to ensure 100 percent quiz grades

(TCOs 2, 3) The central nervous system consists of _____. (Points : 5)

The parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions

The brain and spinal cord

Muscles and glands

Sense organs and sensory neurons

(TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points : 5)

Dendrites, axon, soma, synaptic knob

Terminal buttons, axon, soma, dendrites

Axon, soma, dendrites, synaptic knob

Dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob

(TCOs 2, 3) Alice is typing her term paper in the computer lab. Although a class is going on just a few feet away, she does not seem to notice. Which part of the brain allows Alice to focus on her typing and ignore the distractions that surround her? (Points : 5)

Reticular formation

Pons

Medulla

Cerebellum

(TCO 4) The vestibular senses are concerned with _____. (Points : 5)

Touch, pressure, temperature, and pain

The location of body parts in relation to the ground and to each other

Movement and body position

Your location as compared to the position of the sun

(TCO 4) Which of the following is the primary structure that allows one to maintain his or her balance? (Points : 5)

Cochlea

Middle ear

Semicircular canals

Circular canals

(TCO 4) The tendency to complete figures that are incomplete is known as _____. (Points : 5)

A figure-ground relationship

Closure

Similarity

Contiuity

(TCO 4) The best explanation of the moon illusion is _____. (Points : 5)

The apparent distance hypothesis

The angle world hypothesis

The cultural bias hypothesis

The top-down processing hypothesis

(TCO 5) Which of the following is CORRECT concerning REM deprivation? (Points : 5)

REM deprivation results in long-term mental illness

REM deprivation only occurs among the elderly

REM deprivation leads to increased amounts of REM sleep on subsequent nights of sleep

REM deprivation can lead to visual impairments

(TCO 5) To treat your sleep problem, you are told that you should not nap— you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing? (Points : 5)

Enuresis

Narcolepsy

Insomnia

REM sleep behavior disorder

(TCO 5) The activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming states that _____. (Points : 5)

The purpose of dreaming is to express unconscious wishes, thoughts, and conflicts

Dreams are merely another kind of thinking; dreams occur because of random brain stem signals
The purpose of dreaming is to resolve current concerns and problems

Dreaming is a by-product of a process of eliminating or strengthening neural connections

(TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound. Which of the following is true? (Points : 5)

The blinking of the eye serves as stimulus

The puff of air serves as the unconditioned stimulus

The puff of air serves as the conditioned stimulus

The blinking of the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus

(TCOs 7, 8) Bob has learned that he can usually get what he wants from his parents if he keeps whining for something. One day, Bob starts whining in the toy store, because he wants a GI Joe action figure. His father refuses to give it to him and ignores his whining. What will happen? (Points : 5)

Generalization

Extinction

Spontaneous recovery

Discrimination

(TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the following? (Points : 5)

Observational learning

Latent learning

Insight learning

Cognitive learning

(TCOs 7, 8) A young child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem with which part of the necessary components for observational learning? (Points : 5)

Attention

Memory

Imitation

Desire

(TCOs 7, 8 ) If _____ is like losing a document in the computer because of a power loss, _____ is like pushing the “save” key and having the document disappear instead of being stored. (Points : 5)

Anterograde amnesia; retrograde amnesia

Retrograde amnesia; anterograde amnesia

Adolescent amnesia; conductive amnesia

Procedural amnesia; implicit amnesia

(TCOs 7, 8) “The effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.” What concept does this statement describe? (Points : 5)

Memorability

Registered learning

Encoding specificity

Accessible decoding

(TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points : 5)

Cerebellum

Prefrontal and temporal lobes of the cortex

Hippocampus

Amygdala

(TCO 8) Which type of thinking is most closely related to creativity? (Points : 5)

Heuristic

Divergent

Insightful

Convergent

(TCO 8) What three types of intelligence constitute Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence? (Points : 5)

Global, intuitive, and special

General, global, and specific

Analytical, creative, and practical

Mathematical, reasoning, and verbal

(TCO 8). In order to conclusively show that animals do use language, one would have to demonstrate that _____. (Points : 5)

the language had an auditory, or sound, component

the language had a genetic or instinctual base

the language used arbitrary or abstract symbols
the animals have the same vocal abilities as people

(TCO 8) Which of the following statements BEST describes the general relationship between thinking and language? (Points : 5)

Language is a tool that may be used in thinking, but it isn’t the sole basis of thought

Language is the sole basis of thought

When we think, we always make use of language

Language usually is not required in thought processes

(TCO 9) Which of the following is a criticism of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? (Points : 5)

The highest level has never been attained

Self-actualization is actually a biological drive

The hierarchy does not have any focus on social needs

There is a lack of scientific support

(TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled as they peer into Emily’s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby’s fingers, toes, heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage of prenatal development is the _____. (Points : 5)

Embryonic period

Germinal period

Zygotic period

Fetal stage

(TCO 10) Your little sister picks up objects, feels every part of them, and then puts them in her mouth. What stage of Jean Piaget’s model of cognitive development does this behavior suggest she is in? (Points : 5)

Concrete operations

Sensorimotor

Preoperational

Formal operations

(TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal—he put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____. (Points : 5)

Instinctual drive

Incentive

Innate goal
Optimum goal

(TCO 9)  You just finished a cup of very strong coffee, which causes your body to have a general feeling of arousal. That afternoon, you walk past a cemetery where several people are crying at a graveside. According to Schachter and Singer, which of the following would most likely occur? (Points : 5)

Your emotion would be happy in spite of the scene at the graveside

You would work very hard to control your emotion

Your emotion would be sad, since the context would affect your labeling

Your emotional state would be impossible to predict

(TCO 11) Lance is in the 12th
grade and is presently dating the head cheerleader, Ava. Lance is attracted to Ava, who is very feminine in her mannerisms, and Lance reports that he is attracted to girls who are petite and athletic. He and his buddies like to go “cruising for girls” on the weekends, but he has never strayed from Ava and is thinking about proposing to her after they graduate. He has never been attracted to any other boys. Lance is considered _____ in terms of his sexual orientation. (Points : 5)

Homosexual

Heterosexual

Bisexual

Transsexual

(TCO 11) The primary sex characteristics develop as _____. (Points : 5)

The fetus is growing in the womb, when the chromosomes of the 23rd pair cause the release of the proper hormones to stimulate the growth of the sex organs

Proper hormones in the mother’s milk stimulate the growth of the sex organs

The baby is raised as a male or female; the behavioral cues stimulate the baby to release the appropriate male or female hormones and develop as such

None of the above

(TCO 11) According to research, the majority of gay or bisexual college men report they first became aware of their sexual orientation in _____. (Points : 5)

Junior high or high school

Middle school

Elementary school

Before entering school

(TCO 6) For the past six months, Dahlia’s job has been extremely stressful, but she doesn’t feel that she can quit, because she needs the money for tuition. Dahlia has been having chronic headaches and is behind in all of her classes. According to Hans Selye, Dahlia is in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome. (Points : 5)

Alarm

Collapse

Exhaustion

Resistance

(TCO 6) Seira is very pleasant and likes to keep the peace. She finds it difficult to express emotions and internalizes her anger. She has few friends and spends a lot of time alone. According to research, Seira _____. (Points : 5)

is at high risk for coronary heart disease

is a hardy personality

is a Type B personality

is a Type C personality

(TCO 6) Pepe moved from Argentina to France. He chose not to learn to speak and write French, continues to maintain his old culture’s styles of dress and customs, and lives in a neighborhood where only people from Argentina live. Pepe has used which method of entering the majority culture? (Points : 5)

Integration

Separation

Marginalization

Assimilation

(TCO 13) The classic Robber’s Cave study showed that prejudice can be reduced by _____. (Points : 5)

Mere exposure

Relearning social norms

Cooperating to meet a mutually beneficial goal

Rethinking one’s stereotypes

(TCO 13) Which of the following is a characteristic of major depressive disorder? (Points : 5)

Depressed mood that comes and goes frequently

Diminished interest in daily activities

Heightened interest in sexual activity

An enhanced sense of creativity

(TCO 13) Which statement is the best explanation of the fundamental attribution error? (Points : 5)

We attribute most of what people do to the influence of situations

We rely on the first information we receive to make internal attributions

We are more likely to attribute another’s behavior to internal rather than to situational causes

We tend to attribute our successes to our own efforts and our failures to the shortcomings of others.

(TCO 13) “Out of sight, out of mind” is a cliché that is consistent with the _____ rule of interpersonal attraction. (Points : 5)

Physical attractiveness

Similarity

Proximity

Reciprocal liking

(TCO 11) After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from _____. (Points : 5)

Paraphilia
Schizophrenia

A somatoform disorder

A dissociative disorder

(TCO 11) Jeff has to get up early to go to school, but he wants to stay up late and watch television. His parents disapprove of him staying up late, but when they go out for the evening, he disregards their wishes and stays up late anyway. The next day, he feels extremely guilty. How would Carl Rogers explain Jeff’s guilt? (Points : 5)

It results from Jeff’s inferiority complex, which has been enlarged by Jeff’s adoption of his parents’ value judgments

It results from the conflict between Jeff’s need to seek pleasure and his desire to do well in school.
It results from a psychological conflict between Jeff’s personal desire to stay up late and the opinion adopted from his parents that it is wrong to stay up late

It results from an overactive superego, which is punishing Jeff’s id for gratifying his desires

(TCO 11) Karesh is from India and really cares about others’ welfare. His wife is Chinese and he is known for the fact that he does not adhere to strict rules and regulations. He is tolerant of others and plans to become a social worker. According to Hofstede, what type of cultural personality would Karesh be? (Points : 5)

Highly individualistic

Low in uncertainty avoidance

Highly masculine

Feminine

(TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points : 5)

Mania

Dissociative fugue

Conversion disorder

Catatonic schizophrenia

(TCO 11) Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders? (Points : 5)

They are a result of learned helplessness

They are a result of anger turned inward on oneself

They are a result of distortions in thinking

They are a result of an imbalance of brain chemicals

(TCO 12) Which behavior therapy technique is commonly used to treat anxieties or fears? (Points : 5)

Interpretation

Free association

Dream analysis

Exposure

(TCO 12) Expressing empathy, developing the discrepancies between a client’s present behaviors and values, rolling with resistance, and supporting a client’s self-efficacy are the four pillars of _____. (Points : 5)

Motivational interviewing

Rational emotive therapy

Person-centered therapy

Contingency contracting

(TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points : 5)

systematic desensitization

Flooding

Paradoxical intent

Aversive therapy

(TCO 1) Summarize Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Provide an example for each stage that describes successful resolution of each stage. (Points : 20)

Stage 1: Infant (Birth to 1 year old) – During the first stage, babies learn a basic sense of trust that is completely dependent on how their needs are met and satisfied. If an infant’s need for….

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(TCO 6) Compare and contrast problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Is one necessarily better than the other? Can you give an example where either might be useful, stating the specific way in which each coping skill might be employed? (Points : 15)

Problem-focused coping attempts to change the problem that is causing painful emotions, while emotion-focused coping aims to change the actual emotional…

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(TCO 13) How do advertisers use the principles of persuasion as discussed in Chapter 12? Pick a television commercial and use it as an example of the components of persuasion. (Points : 15)

Persuasion is not a simple matter. There are a lot of factors that advertisers need to understand in order to predict how to successful persuade an individual into thinking a…

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(TCO 11) List and describe two anxiety disorders. List the most relevant symptoms of the disorders that you chose. Describe the viewpoints of two different psychological models on the cause of anxiety disorders. (Points : 20)

  1. Panic Disorder

People who suffer from this condition have feelings of terror that seem to strike suddenly, randomly, and repeatedly, with no…

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(TCO 12) Describe psychoanalysis. Include information about its theoretical background, how it seeks to help people, its key concepts, and an evaluation of its effectiveness.(Points : 20)

Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis is based on idea that people are more often than not, unaware of their emotions and behaviors. Freud though…

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Additional information

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PSYC 110 Study Plan Week 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7

PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology DeVry

PSYC 110 Midterm Exam

PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology DeVry

PSYC 110 Discussions Week 1-7

PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology DeVry

PSYC 110 Final Exam

PSYC 110 Entire Course Psychology DeVry