PSYC 110 Final Exam

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PSYC 110 Final Exam 
(TCO 6) Compare and contrast problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Is one necessarily better…

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PSYC 110 Final Exam

PSYC 110 Final Exam

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(TCOs 1, 2) According to Freud, unconscious urges (Points : 5)

Are able to be suppressed

Only pertain to sex

Attempt to surface and affect our behaviors

Have no impact on everyday life

(TCOs 1, 2) Sallie noticed that when her alarm clock goes off in the morning, her dog Ruffles is standing by her bed salivating. Every morning when Sallie wakes to the alarm, she immediately rolls out of bed and feeds Ruffles, who very much enjoys his canned dog food. It is likely that _____. (Points : 5)

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to enjoy canned dog food

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to sleep next to her bed

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate over canned dog food

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate to the sound of her alarm clock

(TCOs 1, 2) You attend a lecture by a psychologist who uses terms such as free will and self-actualization.
Which psychological perspective is most consistent with the points the psychologist presented? (Points : 5)

Behaviorism

Humanism

Functionalism

Psychodynamics

(TCOs 1, 2) Julie finds that the number of hours she sleeps each night is related to the scores she receives on quizzes the next day. As her sleep approaches eight hours, her quiz scores improve; as her sleep drops to five hours, her quiz scores show a similar decline. Julie realizes that _____. (Points : 5)

There is a negative correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades

There is a positive correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades

Her low quiz scores are caused by sleep deprivation the night before a quiz
She should sleep about 10 hours a night to ensure 100 percent quiz grades

(TCOs 2, 3) The central nervous system consists of _____. (Points : 5)

The parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions

The brain and spinal cord

Muscles and glands

Sense organs and sensory neurons

(TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points : 5)

Dendrites, axon, soma, synaptic knob

Terminal buttons, axon, soma, dendrites

Axon, soma, dendrites, synaptic knob

Dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob

(TCOs 2, 3) Alice is typing her term paper in the computer lab. Although a class is going on just a few feet away, she does not seem to notice. Which part of the brain allows Alice to focus on her typing and ignore the distractions that surround her? (Points : 5)

Reticular formation

Pons

Medulla

Cerebellum

(TCO 4) The vestibular senses are concerned with _____. (Points : 5)

Touch, pressure, temperature, and pain

The location of body parts in relation to the ground and to each other

Movement and body position

Your location as compared to the position of the sun

(TCO 4) Which of the following is the primary structure that allows one to maintain his or her balance? (Points : 5)

Cochlea

Middle ear

Semicircular canals

Circular canals

(TCO 4) The tendency to complete figures that are incomplete is known as _____. (Points : 5)

A figure-ground relationship

Closure

Similarity

Contiuity

(TCO 4) The best explanation of the moon illusion is _____. (Points : 5)

The apparent distance hypothesis

The angle world hypothesis

The cultural bias hypothesis

The top-down processing hypothesis

(TCO 5) Which of the following is CORRECT concerning REM deprivation? (Points : 5)

REM deprivation results in long-term mental illness

REM deprivation only occurs among the elderly

REM deprivation leads to increased amounts of REM sleep on subsequent nights of sleep

REM deprivation can lead to visual impairments

(TCO 5) To treat your sleep problem, you are told that you should not nap— you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing? (Points : 5)

Enuresis

Narcolepsy

Insomnia

REM sleep behavior disorder

(TCO 5) The activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming states that _____. (Points : 5)

The purpose of dreaming is to express unconscious wishes, thoughts, and conflicts

Dreams are merely another kind of thinking; dreams occur because of random brain stem signals
The purpose of dreaming is to resolve current concerns and problems

Dreaming is a by-product of a process of eliminating or strengthening neural connections

(TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound. Which of the following is true? (Points : 5)

The blinking of the eye serves as stimulus

The puff of air serves as the unconditioned stimulus

The puff of air serves as the conditioned stimulus

The blinking of the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus

(TCOs 7, 8) Bob has learned that he can usually get what he wants from his parents if he keeps whining for something. One day, Bob starts whining in the toy store, because he wants a GI Joe action figure. His father refuses to give it to him and ignores his whining. What will happen? (Points : 5)

Generalization

Extinction

Spontaneous recovery

Discrimination

(TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the following? (Points : 5)

Observational learning

Latent learning

Insight learning

Cognitive learning

(TCOs 7, 8) A young child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem with which part of the necessary components for observational learning? (Points : 5)

Attention

Memory

Imitation

Desire

(TCOs 7, 8 ) If _____ is like losing a document in the computer because of a power loss, _____ is like pushing the “save” key and having the document disappear instead of being stored. (Points : 5)

Anterograde amnesia; retrograde amnesia

Retrograde amnesia; anterograde amnesia

Adolescent amnesia; conductive amnesia

Procedural amnesia; implicit amnesia

(TCOs 7, 8) “The effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.” What concept does this statement describe? (Points : 5)

Memorability

Registered learning

Encoding specificity

Accessible decoding

(TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points : 5)

Cerebellum

Prefrontal and temporal lobes of the cortex

Hippocampus

Amygdala

(TCO 8) Which type of thinking is most closely related to creativity? (Points : 5)

Heuristic

Divergent

Insightful

Convergent

(TCO 8) What three types of intelligence constitute Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence? (Points : 5)

Global, intuitive, and special

General, global, and specific

Analytical, creative, and practical

Mathematical, reasoning, and verbal

(TCO 8). In order to conclusively show that animals do use language, one would have to demonstrate that _____. (Points : 5)

the language had an auditory, or sound, component

the language had a genetic or instinctual base

the language used arbitrary or abstract symbols
the animals have the same vocal abilities as people

(TCO 8) Which of the following statements BEST describes the general relationship between thinking and language? (Points : 5)

Language is a tool that may be used in thinking, but it isn’t the sole basis of thought

Language is the sole basis of thought

When we think, we always make use of language

Language usually is not required in thought processes

(TCO 9) Which of the following is a criticism of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? (Points : 5)

The highest level has never been attained

Self-actualization is actually a biological drive

The hierarchy does not have any focus on social needs

There is a lack of scientific support

(TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled as they peer into Emily’s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby’s fingers, toes, heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage of prenatal development is the _____. (Points : 5)

Embryonic period

Germinal period

Zygotic period

Fetal stage

(TCO 10) Your little sister picks up objects, feels every part of them, and then puts them in her mouth. What stage of Jean Piaget’s model of cognitive development does this behavior suggest she is in? (Points : 5)

Concrete operations

Sensorimotor

Preoperational

Formal operations

(TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal—he put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____. (Points : 5)

Instinctual drive

Incentive

Innate goal
Optimum goal

(TCO 9)  You just finished a cup of very strong coffee, which causes your body to have a general feeling of arousal. That afternoon, you walk past a cemetery where several people are crying at a graveside. According to Schachter and Singer, which of the following would most likely occur? (Points : 5)

Your emotion would be happy in spite of the scene at the graveside

You would work very hard to control your emotion

Your emotion would be sad, since the context would affect your labeling

Your emotional state would be impossible to predict

(TCO 11) Lance is in the 12th
grade and is presently dating the head cheerleader, Ava. Lance is attracted to Ava, who is very feminine in her mannerisms, and Lance reports that he is attracted to girls who are petite and athletic. He and his buddies like to go “cruising for girls” on the weekends, but he has never strayed from Ava and is thinking about proposing to her after they graduate. He has never been attracted to any other boys. Lance is considered _____ in terms of his sexual orientation. (Points : 5)

Homosexual

Heterosexual

Bisexual

Transsexual

(TCO 11) The primary sex characteristics develop as _____. (Points : 5)

The fetus is growing in the womb, when the chromosomes of the 23rd pair cause the release of the proper hormones to stimulate the growth of the sex organs

Proper hormones in the mother’s milk stimulate the growth of the sex organs

The baby is raised as a male or female; the behavioral cues stimulate the baby to release the appropriate male or female hormones and develop as such

None of the above

(TCO 11) According to research, the majority of gay or bisexual college men report they first became aware of their sexual orientation in _____. (Points : 5)

Junior high or high school

Middle school

Elementary school

Before entering school

(TCO 6) For the past six months, Dahlia’s job has been extremely stressful, but she doesn’t feel that she can quit, because she needs the money for tuition. Dahlia has been having chronic headaches and is behind in all of her classes. According to Hans Selye, Dahlia is in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome. (Points : 5)

Alarm

Collapse

Exhaustion

Resistance

(TCO 6) Seira is very pleasant and likes to keep the peace. She finds it difficult to express emotions and internalizes her anger. She has few friends and spends a lot of time alone. According to research, Seira _____. (Points : 5)

is at high risk for coronary heart disease

is a hardy personality

is a Type B personality

is a Type C personality

(TCO 6) Pepe moved from Argentina to France. He chose not to learn to speak and write French, continues to maintain his old culture’s styles of dress and customs, and lives in a neighborhood where only people from Argentina live. Pepe has used which method of entering the majority culture? (Points : 5)

Integration

Separation

Marginalization

Assimilation

(TCO 13) The classic Robber’s Cave study showed that prejudice can be reduced by _____. (Points : 5)

Mere exposure

Relearning social norms

Cooperating to meet a mutually beneficial goal

Rethinking one’s stereotypes

(TCO 13) Which of the following is a characteristic of major depressive disorder? (Points : 5)

Depressed mood that comes and goes frequently

Diminished interest in daily activities

Heightened interest in sexual activity

An enhanced sense of creativity

(TCO 13) Which statement is the best explanation of the fundamental attribution error? (Points : 5)

We attribute most of what people do to the influence of situations

We rely on the first information we receive to make internal attributions

We are more likely to attribute another’s behavior to internal rather than to situational causes

We tend to attribute our successes to our own efforts and our failures to the shortcomings of others.

(TCO 13) “Out of sight, out of mind” is a cliché that is consistent with the _____ rule of interpersonal attraction. (Points : 5)

Physical attractiveness

Similarity

Proximity

Reciprocal liking

(TCO 11) After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from _____. (Points : 5)

Paraphilia
Schizophrenia

A somatoform disorder

A dissociative disorder

(TCO 11) Jeff has to get up early to go to school, but he wants to stay up late and watch television. His parents disapprove of him staying up late, but when they go out for the evening, he disregards their wishes and stays up late anyway. The next day, he feels extremely guilty. How would Carl Rogers explain Jeff’s guilt? (Points : 5)

It results from Jeff’s inferiority complex, which has been enlarged by Jeff’s adoption of his parents’ value judgments

It results from the conflict between Jeff’s need to seek pleasure and his desire to do well in school.
It results from a psychological conflict between Jeff’s personal desire to stay up late and the opinion adopted from his parents that it is wrong to stay up late

It results from an overactive superego, which is punishing Jeff’s id for gratifying his desires

(TCO 11) Karesh is from India and really cares about others’ welfare. His wife is Chinese and he is known for the fact that he does not adhere to strict rules and regulations. He is tolerant of others and plans to become a social worker. According to Hofstede, what type of cultural personality would Karesh be? (Points : 5)

Highly individualistic

Low in uncertainty avoidance

Highly masculine

Feminine

(TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points : 5)

Mania

Dissociative fugue

Conversion disorder

Catatonic schizophrenia

(TCO 11) Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders? (Points : 5)

They are a result of learned helplessness

They are a result of anger turned inward on oneself

They are a result of distortions in thinking

They are a result of an imbalance of brain chemicals

(TCO 12) Which behavior therapy technique is commonly used to treat anxieties or fears? (Points : 5)

Interpretation

Free association

Dream analysis

Exposure

(TCO 12) Expressing empathy, developing the discrepancies between a client’s present behaviors and values, rolling with resistance, and supporting a client’s self-efficacy are the four pillars of _____. (Points : 5)

Motivational interviewing

Rational emotive therapy

Person-centered therapy

Contingency contracting

(TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points : 5)

systematic desensitization

Flooding

Paradoxical intent

Aversive therapy

(TCO 1) Summarize Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Provide an example for each stage that describes successful resolution of each stage. (Points : 20)

Stage 1: Infant (Birth to 1 year old) – During the first stage, babies learn a basic sense of trust that is completely dependent on how their needs are met and satisfied. If an infant’s need for….

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(TCO 6) Compare and contrast problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Is one necessarily better than the other? Can you give an example where either might be useful, stating the specific way in which each coping skill might be employed? (Points : 15)

Problem-focused coping attempts to change the problem that is causing painful emotions, while emotion-focused coping aims to change the actual emotional…

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(TCO 13) How do advertisers use the principles of persuasion as discussed in Chapter 12? Pick a television commercial and use it as an example of the components of persuasion. (Points : 15)

Persuasion is not a simple matter. There are a lot of factors that advertisers need to understand in order to predict how to successful persuade an individual into thinking a…

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(TCO 11) List and describe two anxiety disorders. List the most relevant symptoms of the disorders that you chose. Describe the viewpoints of two different psychological models on the cause of anxiety disorders. (Points : 20)

  1. Panic Disorder

People who suffer from this condition have feelings of terror that seem to strike suddenly, randomly, and repeatedly, with no…

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(TCO 12) Describe psychoanalysis. Include information about its theoretical background, how it seeks to help people, its key concepts, and an evaluation of its effectiveness.(Points : 20)

Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis is based on idea that people are more often than not, unaware of their emotions and behaviors. Freud though…

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Psyc 110 Final Exam

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