PSYC 110 Homework Week 3


PSYC 110 Homework Week 3
Which of the following would be considered negative reinforcement?…

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PSYC 110 Homework Week 3

PSYC 110 Homework Week 3

 A+ Chapter 5, 6, and 7 

Chapter 5

  1. Which of the following would be considered negative reinforcement?
  2. A typical use of applied behavior analysis is:
  3. After having many cavities fixed as a child, Kyle now has an active dislike of the dentist’s drill. His tendency to become anxious when hearing a similar-sounding noise is termed:
  4. Whenever Vernon comes home too late on a Saturday night, his parents refuse to give him his weekly allowance. Vernon’s parent are using what technique to modify his behavior?
  5. After a lengthy period during which UCS was not applied, Pavlov’s dogs stopped responding to the metronome. If a weaker conditioned response to the metronome occurred at some point after this, it would be a demonstration of:
  6. This scientist conducted research to establish the theory known as cognitive perspective
  7. The response that is given to the conditioned stimulus is not usually quite as strong as the original unconditioned response, ______
  8. In his classical conditioning experiment, Pavlov’s dogs were conditioned to salivate when they:
  9. The cognitive perspective of classical conditioning involves:
  10. Changes such as an increase in height or the size of the brain are called:
  11. Further studies that followed Kohler’s work with chimpanzees:
  12. In his study of rats in mazes, Tolman concluded that the rats in the group that did not receive reinforcement for solving the maze had:
  13. Which of the following individuals believed that cognition was an important part of behavior?
  14. The learning/performance distinction is a kind of:
  15. Which psychologist is best known for working with children and a Bobo doll to study whether aggressive behavior is learned by watching other be aggressive?
  16. The four elements of observational learning are attention, memory, ____, and ____
  17. A behavior is more resistant to extinction if it is:
  18. One of B.F. Sinner’s famous experiments involved:
  19. A recent study suggests a link between spanking and:
  20. Small steps in behavior that are reinforced, one after the other, to create a particular goal behavior are known as:

Chapter 6

  1. A(n) _____ is a memory expert or someone with exceptional memory ability
  2. Ebbinghaus’s ______ shows that forgetting happens quickly, within the first hour, and then tapers off gradually
  3. The _____ is the part of the brain that is responsible for the formation of new long-term declarative memories
  4. Explicit memory begins to form after about age two_____
  5. When a memory is being formed, several changes take place in the brain in a process called:
  6. The information-processing model of memory suggests that:
  7. The Tower of Hanoi study found that people with anterograde amnesia:
  8. Research on _____ has implications for understanding learning and attention disorders as well as various dementia-related memory problems
  9. According to Craik and Lockhart, information that is _____ will be remembered more effectively and for a longer period of time
  10. One may transfer information from short-term memory (STM) into long-term memory (LTM) by:
  11. Which of the following best describes psychologist John Kihlstrom’s comments when talking about Bartlett’s book on memory?
  12. In a study discussed in the textbook that researched the effects of different types of information on memory, subjects viewed a slide presentation of a traffic accident. The actual slide presentation contained a stop sign, but in a written summary of the presentation, the sign was referred to as a yield sign. What were the results of this study?
  13. The fact that everyone remembers that George Washington was the first president points to the primacy effect as a result of:
  14. What is the best way for a person to overcome the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon?
  15. The idea that memory formation is a simulation is a simultaneous process is reflected in the:

Chapter 7

  1. The cognitive universalism theory states that:
  2. Recent studies support Rosch-Heider’s theory of _____, rather than the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
  3. The debate over whether animals use real language centers around
  4. The system of rules for combining words and phrases to form grammatically correct sentences is”
  5. Vygotsky believed that:
  6. Five-year old Jordan is seeing a speech therapist in his preschool once a week because he has difficulty saying the “r” sound in his own name. When he says his name, people think it sounds like “jaw-dun.”  From a language perspective, Jordan is having difficulty with a specific ______
  7. Even after her girlfriends reported seeing her boyfriend Jeff out at clubs with other women, Jackie continues to believe her boyfriend and her friends who say the women are just old neighborhood friends
  8. An important factor in the formation of prototypes is:
  9. Which of the following images is the best example of a prototype for a fruit?
  10. A mental image that is larger and covers more distance:
  11. One barrier to innovative problem solving is persisting in using techniques that have been successful in the past, also known as:
  12. A mechanical problem-solving technique is also referred to as:
  13. Heuristics could also be called:
  14. Creative intelligence is related to:
  15. Cultures like that of the Japanese, which hold to well-established cultural traditions, put less value on:
  16. Gardner believes that reason, logic, and knowledge are:
  17. ______ often work with individuals who have traumatic brain injury
  18. Wechsler’s four index scales are verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and:
  19. Only differences among people in general can be investigated for the influence of genes because genes always interact with”
  20. If a test does not measure what it’s supposed to measure, then it lacks:

PSYC 110 Homework Week 3