PSYC 110 Homework Week 6

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PSYC 110 Homework Week 6
According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, the cognitive-mediational theory…

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PSYC 110 Homework Week 6

PSYC 110 Homework Week 6

Chapter 11 A+

  1. According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, the cognitive-mediational theory suggests that:
  2. During the ____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome, the adrenal glands release hormones that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and the supply of blood sugar
  3. A person dealing with acculturative stress by choosing to maintain a sense of the original culture’s identity while also trying to form a positive relationship with members of the majority culture is using the _____ method
  4. According to the general adaptation syndrome, when a body first reacts to a stressor during the ____ system, causing increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and supply of blood sugar
  5. Endocrinologist Hans Selye’s three stages of the body’s physiological reaction to stress are called the:
  6. Stress has been linked to heart disease in part because the ____ is not activated when the sympathetic nervous system is aroused, and therefore it does not clear the fat and cholesterol from the blood stream, leading to clogged arteries
  7. The phases of the general adaptation syndrome are alarm
  8. Two economically-based social factors discussed in the text create stressful living conditions are poverty and:
  9. According to Lazarus’s cognitive appraisal approach, the first step in appraising a stressor is called _____ appraisal
  10. Which of the following activities is associated with a rise in immune system functioning?
  11. When Ravi found out that he didn’t get a high enough grade on his final for an A in his psychology course, he experienced stress from:
  12. Which of the following describes a person with a Type C personality?
  13. More than anything else, Kendra wants to be the lead singer in a rock band and become famous. However, during her singing lessons, her music teacher told her that her voice is flat and she has no future as a singer.  This is an example of:
  14. Religion is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
  15. Which of the following is NOT true regarding optimists?
  16. Howard was upset that he got a B in Biology, but he felt better knowing that he had improved over his previous grade and that he could work hard to get and A on the next exam. Howard was using _____ to help himself feel better
  17. Claire’s boss scolded her in front of her coworkers in a meeting. When she got home, she started a fight with her roommate.  What form of coping with this frustration did Claire demonstrate?
  18. If Tom has been adapting to a stressor and is now experiencing fatigue due to prolonged muscle tension, according to psychologist Selye, Tom is in the ____ stage
  19. Stress has been shown to:
  20. _____ strategies are actions people can take to master, tolerate, reduce, or minimize the effects of stress
  21. When it is not possible to change or eliminate a stressor, the best emotion-focused way to cope is:
  22. Concentrative meditation:
  23. Drug abuse, as a reaction to a source of frustration, is a form of:
  24. Adults find the hassle of ____ to be the greatest source of stress
  25. _____ is the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging
  26. According to the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, what life event causes the highest number of “life change units”?
  27. Holmes and Rahe’s Social Readjustment Rating Scale focuses on:
  28. Which of the following is a typical first response to a source of frustration?
  29. Miller and Rahe found that overall stress associated with many of the items on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale had _____ from the original 1967 ratings
  30. Stress-causing events are called:

Chapter 12

  1. A person tries to change the belief, opinion, or course of action of another person through:
  2. According to the ____, people either expand on what they hear or they pay attention to the surface characteristics of persuasive messages
  3. Studies have found that the ____ is particularly active when people have made a decision that reduces dissonance and then acted on that decision
  4. Which of the following statements best describes attitudes?
  5. The fundamental attribution error is less likely:
  6. Some research suggests that ____ is one of the main factors that influence people’s choices for selecting people they want to know better
  7. In one study, college students liked another student simply because they were told that the other student liked them. This is an example of which rule of attraction?
  8. In Sternberg’s theory, _____ encompasses the physical aspects of love
  9. In order to teach her second grade students about _____, teacher Jane Elliot created in-groups and out-groups based on the superficial characteristic of eye color
  10. The formation of in-groups and out-groups
  11. Scapegoats are:
  12. The “jigsaw classroom”:
  13. Strategies for overcoming prejudice include:
  14. The sadistic behavior of the “guards” in Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Study:
  15. ______ occurs when a person fails to take responsibility for action or inaction because of the presence of other people who are seen to share the responsibility
  16. As we interact with others on a daily basis, our behavior, feelings, and thoughts are often guided by:
  17. In Solomon Asch’s study, confederates were instructed to:
  18. The war in Iraq, the design of the ship Titanic, and the Challenger disaster are all given in the textbook as examples of:
  19. In his experiment on conformity, Asch found that:
  20. Research on conformity suggests that if a ______ response is required, ______ show more conformity than_____
  21. The door-in-the-face technique involves:
  22. A person demanding ______ has power or authority to command a behavioral change, rather than just ask for a change
  23. Julie is a psychologist involved in figuring out how to get people to purchase a certain brand of computer. Julie is involved in:
  24. Justin walks into the morning meeting 15 minutes late. His boss, Marco, assumes that traffic was bad this morning.  Marco is using an example of:
  25. The presence of others heavily influences helping behavior when a situation is:
  26. Harry’s friend Logan studies a lot, so Harry assumes that Logan is smart. Harry’s belief is based on:
  27. When parents tell their children that smoking cigarettes is dangerous and unhealthy, and the children develop negative attitudes toward smoking, this is an example of:
  28. Shawn and Tanya start talking after they’ve ridden on the dorm elevator several times together. This is an example of which rule of attraction?
  29. Jackie is assigned to a group project. It is in her best subject, and she finds the material easy.  Jackie will probably experience:

PSYC 110 Homework Week 6