SCI228 Quiz Week 2

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SCI228 Quiz Week 2
(TCO 3) Individuals with the disease PKU (phenylketonuria) should not…

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SCI228 Quiz Week 2

SCI228 Quiz Week 2

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(TCO 1) What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?

Glucose

Fructose

Galactose

Glycogen

(TCO 1) Which of the following carbohydrates is the end product of photosynthesis?

Glycogen

Galactose

Lactose

Glucose

(TCO 1) The term complex carbohydrates refers to:

Monosaccharides

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Glucose

(TCO 1) A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of:

Two monosaccharides

Two polysaccharides

One monosaccharide and one polysaccharide

Two oligosaccharides

(TCO 1) What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?

Glucose

Fructose

Galactose

Glycogen

(TCO 2) All of the following are symptoms/side effects of ketosis EXCEPT:

Bad breath

High blood cholesterol

Dehydration

Acidosis (acidic pH of the blood)

(TCO 2) Without sufficient ________, the colon gets too little exercise and becomes weak.

Calories

Protein

Fiber

Water

(TCO 2) How many grams of carbohydrates

75 grams

100 grams

130 grams

160 grams

(TCO 2) Glucose is the preferred source of energy for which of the following?

Brain cells

Red blood cells

The central nervous system

All of these

(TCO 2) Insulin is synthesized and released by the:

Brain

Liver

Pancreas

Gallbladder

(TCO 2) Glucose is the preferred source of energy for which of the following?

Brain cells

Red blood cells

The central nervous system

All of these

(TCO 3) Individuals with the disease PKU (phenylketonuria) should not consume the artificial sweetener aspartame. Why?

People with PKU are highly prone to development of diabetes.

People with PKU are allergic to the sweetener.

People with PKU experience severe headaches when they consume aspartame.

People with PKU cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine.

(TCO 2) Which of the following BEST describes the glycemic index?

An individual’s glucose/insulin ratio in a fasted state

The amount of insulin required to metabolize 100 grams of glucose

The glucose content of a given food

The extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin

(TCO 3) Diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn’t process ________ properly.

Vitamins

Protein

Carbohydrates

Fat

(TCO 3) Sean is planning to bake a batch of chocolate chip cookies for his girlfriend. Which of the following artificial sweeteners would be the best substitute for the sugar in the recipe?

Aspartame

Saccharin

Sucralose

Olestra

(TCO 3) Peggy Sue’s doctor wants to screen her for reactive hypoglycemia. If her doctor’s suspicions are correct and Peggy Sue does have reactive hypoglycemia, what would you expect her blood glucose concentration to be at approximately TWO HOURS after she had begun her glucose tolerance test?

Elevated as compared to a normal individual

Depressed as compared to a normal individual

Normal; two hours after consuming the glucose load, her blood concentrations will be no different from those of a normal individual

(TCO 3) Which artificial sweetener was almost banned because of a proposed relationship with bladder cancer in experimental animals?

Saccharin

Sucralose

Aspartame

Acesulfame-K

(TCO 4) Yogurt is tolerated better than milk by many lactase-deficient people because:

Yogurt has no lactose

Bacteria in yogurt help digest the lactose

It has a thicker consistency

Yogurt is acidic

(TCO 3) Which of the following is associated with Type II diabetes?

Autoimmune disease

Obesity

Prone to ketosis

Body fails to produce insulin

(TCO 4) Which of the following ethnic groups has the LOWEST incidence of lactose intolerance?

Asians

African Americans

Caucasians

Hispanics