SCI228 Quiz Week 3

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SCI228 Quiz Week 3
(TCO 3) The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid…

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SCI228 Quiz Week 3

SCI228 Quiz Week 3

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(TCO 3) The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called:
Emulsification
Pressurization
Hydrogenation
Deamination
(TCO 3) Which of the following describes lipids?
Organic nutrients that are insoluble in water
Inorganic nutrients that are insoluble in water
Organic nutrients that are insoluble in fat
Inorganic nutrients that are insoluble in fat
(TCO 3) Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temperature?
Short-chain
Saturated
Monounsaturated
Polyunsaturated
(TCO 3) A fatty acid that contains a chain of 10 carbons and one double bond is termed a:
Saturated, medium-chain fatty acid
Saturated, long-chain fatty acid
Monounsaturated, medium-chain fatty acid
Monounsaturated, long-chain fatty acid
(TCO 3) The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called:
Emulsification
Pressurization
Hydrogenation
Deamination
(TCO 6) What element makes protein different from carbohydrates and fat?
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
(TCO 6) Which of the following statements is TRUE about transfatty acids?
They are made by the body in large quantities
Their amounts are not currently required on food labels
They decrease the risk of developing heart disease
They result from the hydrogenation process
(TCO 6) Why are phospholipids NOT an essential nutrient?
Our bodies manufacture phospholipids
Phospholipids are not naturally found in the healthy body
Beneficial GI bacteria produce phospholipids
They provide no useful function in the human body
(TCO 6) Which of the following is NOT true of fats?
Dietary fats stimulate hunger signals to the brain
Fats add texture and flavor to food.
Fats are found in every cell membrane
Adipose tissue stores fat for future energy use
(TCO 6) How many calories are potentially provided by 25 grams of fat?
23 kilocalories
100 kilocalories
225 kilocalories
2,250 kilocalories
(TCO 6) Which of the following is a fat
Phosphate
Saccharin
Olestra
Trans fat
(TCO 6) Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers?
Allergies
Gastrointestinal distress
Elevated blood cholesterol levels
Hypertension
(TCO 6) All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT the:
Liver
Large intestine
Gallbladder
Pancreas
(TCO 5) Which of the following supplements would you recommend a vegan add to his or her diet?
Protein
Fiber
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C
(TCO 5) Protein digestion begins in the ________.
Mouth
Stomach
Small intestine
Pancreas
(TCO 5) Which of the following is a genetic disorder resulting in debilitating protein abnormalities?
Cystic fibrosis
Mad cow disease
Acidosis
Kwashiorkor
(TCO 5) Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change that occurs in the protein is called:
Denaturation
Translocation
Transcription
Deamination
(TCO 5) Proteases are:
Protein messengers that are released from storage in response to an alteration in the body’s homeostasis.
Transport proteins that move substances throughout the body.
Defense proteins that attack foreign bacteria, viruses, and toxins.
Enzymes that break down protein.
(TCO 5) Per gram, which of the following foods would contain the highest protein content?
Cooked carrots
Chicken
Skim milk
Whole-wheat bread
(TCO 5) Which of the following is NOT typically a nutrient of concern for vegans?
Iron
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C
Calcium
(TCO 5) Which of the following proteins are fundamental to the immune system?
Enzymes
Antibodies
Buffers
Transport proteins
(TCO 5) Of the 20 amino acids relevant to the human body, how many are considered essential?
None
Five
Nine
20
(TCO 5) The type of protein-energy malnutrition characterized by a general lack of protein, energy, and nutrients in the diet is called:
Marasmus
Sickle cell anemia
Cystic fibrosis
Kwashiorkor
(TCO 5) Which of the following is a genetic disorder resulting in debilitating protein abnormalities?
Cystic fibrosis
Mad cow disease
Acidosis
Kwashiorkor
(TCO 5) Which of the following is associated with marasmus?
Distended abdomen
Skin and bones appearance
Enlarged, fatty liver
All of these