SCI228 Quiz Week 7

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SCI228 Quiz Week 7
(TCO 4) In which trimester of pregnancy is the fetus the most vulnerable to teratogens…

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SCI228 Quiz Week 7

SCI228 Quiz Week 7

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(TCO 4) A low-birth-weight infant will weigh:
Less than 5.5 pounds
Less than 6.0 pounds
Less than 6.5 pounds
Less than 7.0 pounds
(TCO 4) From the third month to term, the developing human is called a(n):
Fetus
Embryo
Zygote
Blastocyst
(TCO 4) Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on the:
Mother’s weight at the end of the first trimester
Size of the fetus at three months’ gestation
Mother’s pre-pregnancy body mass index
Mother’s age
(TCO 4) Inadequate intakes of ________ during pregnancy are associated with neural tube defects in the fetus.
Protein
Iron
Folate
calcium
(TCO 4) In which trimester of pregnancy is the fetus the most vulnerable to teratogens?
First
Second
Third
Fourth
(TCO 5) What percentage of neural tube defects is related to the mother’s intake of folate before and during pregnancy?
25
30
50
70
(TCO 5) During the second and third trimesters, the caloric needs of a pregnant woman increase by ________ kilocalories per day.
100
300
500
750
(TCO 6) Fetal demand for iron is highest during the:
First trimester
Second trimester
Third trimester
Entire gestational period
(TCO 6) Which statement is FALSE regarding zinc during pregnancy?
Inadequate zinc intake can result in premature delivery and malformation of the fetus.
The RDA for zinc increases during pregnancy
Absorption of zinc is inhibited if iron-rich and zinc-rich foods are consumed together in a meal
Vitamin C enhances the absorption of zinc
(TCO 6) Which of the following enhances the absorption of iron?
Caffeine
Bran
Vitamin C
Oxalates
(TCO 7) During lactation, the caloric needs of the mother increase by ________ calories a day.
100
300
500
750
(TCO 7) The only thing that will cure preeclampsia is:
Delivery of the infant
Hypertensive medication
Low-sodium diet
Bedrest
(TCO 7) The hormone that suppresses milk production during pregnancy is:
Estrogen
Prolactin
Progesterone
Both estrogen and progesterone
(TCO 8) At birth, Baby Molly weighs seven pounds. If her growth and development are normal, what would you expect Molly to weigh on her first birthday?
14 pounds
18 pounds
21 pounds
30 pounds
(TCO 8) The brain grows the most rapidly during the first ________ years of life.
Two
Five
Eight
10
(TCO 8) Which of the following are cues that an infant is ready to accept solid foods?
The infant can sit up with support
The infant’s tongue extrusion reflex has begun to abate
The infant is at least four months old
All of these are signs that an infant is ready for solid foods
(TCO 9) Which nutrient is generally NOT a concern for vegan children?
Protein
Iron
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C
(TCO 9) Overweight in children is defined as:
BMI 75th percentile
BMI 85th percentile
BMI 95th percentile
BMI 100th percentile
(TCO 9) All of the following are associated with developing toddlers’ healthy eating habits EXCEPT:
Snacking between meals
Small portion sizes
Rewarding meal completion with dessert
Including toddlers in food shopping and preparation
(TCO 10) Atrophic gastritis is a common condition among older adults that impairs the ability to absorb ________.
Vitamin B6
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C
Zinc
(TCO 10) How much fat is recommended for a preschooler?
10-20% of total energy
15-25% of total energy
25-35% of total energy
40-50% of total energy
(TCO 10) All of the following are physiological changes that typically occur with aging EXCEPT:
Decreased lean body mass
Decreased bone density
Decreased fat mass
Decreased immune function
(TCO 10) On average, Americans have a life expectancy that reaches into the:
Early seventies
Late seventies
Early eighties
Late eighties
(TCO 10) The absorption of Vitamin ________ increases in older adults.
A
B12
C
D
(TCO 10) Which of the following is associated with the premature closure of the epiphyseal plate?
Malnourishment
Anabolic steroid use
Obesity
Both malnourishment and anabolic steroid use
(TCO 10) Which of the following is FALSE regarding the RDA for carbohydrates?
This recommendation stays the same as we age
This amount ensures adequate glucose to the brain
Most healthy individuals require more than this recommendation
This amount is difficult for elderly individuals to consume in their diets
(TCO 10) Which of the following is NOT related to the increased iron needs in adolescence?
Skeletal muscle mass increases
Iron utilization slows down
Iron is lost as a result of menstruation (in girls)
Food choices are often inadequate in iron